banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus)

Banded Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

  The banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp. They are shrimp-like decapod crustaceans belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Their bright red and white...
tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris)

The Tiger Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) is one of the larger species of cowrie. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are an extremely attractive sight as they move across the reef. APPEARANCE R...
Flower Cardinalfish Apogon fleurieu

Flower Cardinalfish a Saltwater Mouthbrooder

The flower cardinalfish Apogon fleurieu is also known as the Bulls eye Cardinalfish and Ring tailed cardinalfish. They are one of the few species of saltwater fish that are mouth brooders. APPEARANCE The ...
Willey's Halgerda Halgerda willeyi

Willey’s Halgerda – Facts and Photographs

  Willey's halgerda, Halgerda willeyi is a dorid nudibranch. As with other nudibranchs, they are shell-less marine gastropod mollusks. To make up for the lack of protection from not having a shell, ...
Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii

Smiths Xanthid – Facts and Photographs

  Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii is a commonly found crab on the East coast of Africa. APPEARANCE Smith's xanthid  grow to a maximum carapace width of  of 60 centimeters and have proportionately ...
golden trevally Gnathanodon speciosus

Golden Trevally – Facts and Photographs

The golden trevally Gnathandon speciosus is also known as the golden kingfish, banded kingfish and in Hawaii it is called the yellow ulua or papio. It is a member of the horse mackrel or jack family. GOLDEN T...
Tailspot Squirrelfish - Sargocentron caudimaculatum

Tailspot Squirrelfish-Facts and Photographs

  The tailspot squirrelfish Sargocentron caudimaculatum, is also known as the whitetail squirrelfish or silverspot squirrelfish. They are members of the sub family Holocentridae,  which are known as...
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Nudi City – Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Nudi city is a scuba dive site in the channel between Mafia Island and Chole Island.  The name nudi city is a reference to the unusually large number of nudibranchs in the area...
oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus

Oriental Sweetlips – Facts and Photographs

The oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus, also known as the Indian Ocean oriental sweetlips , is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker f...
pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello)

Pickhandle Barracuda – Facts and Photographs

The pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello) , is also known as the Jello Barracuda, Banded Barracuda, Yellowtail Barracuda and Sea Pike. Barracuda are known as the tigers of the sea and are voracious predato...
Aglaophenia cupressina stinging hydroid fire weed

Stinging Sea Creatures-Fireweed

It may look like a plant, but Aglaophenia cupressina is actually a stinging hydroid. Commonly known as feather fireweed, fire hydroid, stinging seaweed or simply fireweed. Brush against it and you might not...
speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus

Speckled Shrimpfish – Facts and Photographs

The speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus , also known as the  razorfish is related to the seahorses and pipefishes. They have a distinctive way of swimming with their heads in a downwards position. De...
False eye toby Canthigaster solandri

False Eye Toby – Facts and Photographs

The false eye toby, Canthigaster solandri is also known as the ocellated toby, blue spotted toby, jewel pufferfish, solanders toby  and spotted sharpnose puffer. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose...
Shoal of Glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus on Mafia island tanzania

Glowfish – Facts and Photographs

The glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus is also known as the  goldspot seabream or striped large eye bream. Glowfish are a species of emperor and get their name from the conspicuous yellow blotch just behin...
blue striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira on Mafia Island Tanzania

Blue Lined Snapper – Facts and Photographs

The blue lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira is also known as the bluestriped sea perch and blue lined snapper, they are attractive fish which often shoal in large numbers. When seen over a reef, a shoal of thes...
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Powoni – Zanzibar, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Zanzibar has great diving and is world famous for its pristine clear waters. There are numerous dive sites on the island and one of the lesser known gems of Zanzibar is Paje. P...