tiger angelfish Aploemichthys kingi

Tiger Angelfish – Facts and Photographs

The tiger angelfish Aploemichthys kingi is one of the lesser known angelfish. As their name implies they are quite striking fish and are highly sought after by specialist marine aquarists. APPEARANCE On t...
spotted jelly, lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish (Mastigias papua)

Spotted Jellyfish – Facts and Photographs

The Spotted Jelly, Mastigias papua is also known as the lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish. They are closely related to the famous jellies found in the lakes in Palau. The jellies in the lakes...
Goldspotted sweetlips

Goldspotted Sweetlips – Facts and Photographs

The goldspotted sweetlips Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus, also known as the Lemonfish, is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker fleshy lips hen...
varicose phyllidia Phyllidia varicosa

Varicose Phyllidia – Facts and Photographs

The varicose phyllidia (phyllidia varicosa)  is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. It obtains its scientific name varicose which means swollen veins, from the resemblance of the ridges to swoll...
trumpetfish (Aulostomus chinensis)

Trumpetfish-Facts and Photographs

The Chinese trumpetfish (Aulostomus chinensis)  gets its name from its resemblance to a trumpet. They are strange looking fish that often swim vertically to blend in with their surroundings. They are relate...
Ovula ovum, common name the common egg cowrie

Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The egg cowrie, (Ovula ovum) is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Technically they are not cowries per se but because of their similarity to co...
tasseled scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis oxycephala)

Tasseled Scorpionfish-Colorful Ambush Predator

The tasseled scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis oxycephala) is also known as the small-scaled scorpionfish. They are ambush predators which rely on very colorful camouflage. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQcL...
white-mouth moray eel (Caesio xanthonota)

White-Mouth Moray Eel – Facts and Photographs

The white-mouth moray eel (Caesio xanthonota)  also known as the comet moray eel or  guinea fowl moray eel is probably the most attractive looking moray apart from the Dragon Moray (Enchelycore pardalis) ...
Eels giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus)

Giant Moray Eel-Facts and Photographs

The he giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus) is the largest moray eel in terms of mass. An adult has a formidable set of rear facing teeth to go with its proportionally large mouth. APPEARANCE As the name s...
Striped Eel Catfish

Striped Eel Catfish-Facts-Photographs and Video

The Striped eel catfish (Plotosus lineatus) also known as the oriental catfish is a species of eel catfish that often congregates in large balls particularly as juveniles. They may look harmless but they ha...
banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus)

Banded Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp. They are shrimp-like decapod crustaceans belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Their bright red and white coloratio...
tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris)

The Tiger Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) is one of the larger species of cowrie. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are an extremely attractive sight as they move across the reef. APPEARANCE R...
Flower Cardinalfish Apogon fleurieu

Flower Cardinalfish / Saltwater Mouthbrooder

The flower cardinalfish Apogon fleurieu is also known as the Bulls eye Cardinalfish and Ring tailed cardinalfish. They are one of the few species of saltwater fish that are mouth brooders. APPEARANCE The ...
Willey's Halgerda Halgerda willeyi

Willey’s Halgerda – Facts and Photographs

Willey's halgerda, Halgerda willeyi is a dorid nudibranch. As with other nudibranchs, they are shell-less marine gastropod mollusks. To make up for the lack of protection from not having a shell, they are h...
blotcheye soldierfish (Myripristis berndti)

Blotcheye Soldierfish – Facts and Photographs

The blotcheye soldierfish Myripristis murjan, is also known as the red soldierfish, pinecone soldierfish or crimson soldierfish. They are in the family Holocentridae and sub family Myripristis. Closely rela...
Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii

Smiths Xanthid – Facts and Photographs

Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii is a commonly found crab on the East coast of Africa. APPEARANCE Smith's xanthid  grow to a maximum carapace width of  of 60 centimeters and have proportionately large nipp...
golden trevally Gnathanodon speciosus

Golden Trevally – Facts and Photographs

The golden trevally Gnathandon speciosus is also known as the golden kingfish, banded kingfish and in Hawaii it is called the yellow ulua or papio. It is a member of the horse mackrel or jack family. GOLDEN T...
Tailspot Squirrelfish - Sargocentron caudimaculatum

Tailspot Squirrelfish-Facts and Photographs

The tailspot squirrelfish Sargocentron caudimaculatum, is also known as the whitetail squirrelfish or silverspot squirrelfish. They are members of the sub family Holocentridae,  which are known as squirrelf...
crowned squirrelfish Sargocentron diadema

Crowned Squirrelfish – Facts and Photographs

The crowned squirrelfish Sargocentron diadema is a member of the sub family Holocentridae. Members of the sub family are known as squirrelfish and they are typically red and silver or white. On the gill cov...
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Nudi City – Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Nudi city is a scuba dive site in the channel between Mafia Island and Chole Island.  The name nudi city is a reference to the unusually large number of nudibranchs in the area...