black saddled toby (Canthigaster Valentini)

A Vibrant Black Saddled Toby

A beautifully patterned and vibrantly colored black saddled toby, scientifically known as the Canthigaster Valentini. This fish is widely distributed throughout the tropical and...

Seychelles Butterflyfish

A seychelles butterflyfish (Chaetodon madagaskariensis) on a coral reef off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Seychelles butterflyfish are found in the Indian Ocean from eastern Africa to Cocos-Keeling ...

Grumpy Moray Eel

A grumpy moray eel attempts to warn off potential predators by showing off his sharp pearly whites and his large gaping mouth. Photographed while scuba...
Clearfin Lionfish (Pterois radiata)

Clearfin Lionfish

A clearfin lionfish (Pterois radiata), also known as the tailbar lionfish, radiata lionfish or radial firefish perches on a coral rock off the coast of Dar es Salaam. This is the only lionfish species which has...
zebra lionfish

Zebra Lionfish in Dar es Salaam

A zebra lionfish (Dendrochirus zebra), also known as a dwarf lionfish, rests on a barrel sponge (Xestospongia testudinaria) off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Lionfish have venomous spines that can b...

Speckled Sandperch

A territorial speckled sandperch (Parapercis hexophthalma) on a coral balmy in Dar es Salaam. Photographed while scuba diving at Bongoyo Patches. Shot with a Sony DSC-RX100M II Camera in a Nauticam housing ...

Chillin Like a Villain

A tasseled scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis oxycephala) 'chillin like a villian' atop a coral reef and surrounded with lots of options for lunch. Photo taken scuba diving in Dar es Salaam with a Sony DSC-RX100M ...
Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Preparing to Chow Down

A camel shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis), also known as a dancing shrimp, prepares to chow down on a flatworm in Dar es Salaam. Shrimp eat whatever they can find on the reef; worms, fish, shellfish, mud ...

Melon Butterflyfish

A melon butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifasciatus) on a reef off the coast of Dar es Salaam. Melon butterflyfish are found in the Indian Ocean from East Africa to Western Java. The monogamous adults usually swi...

A Mated Pair

A mated pair of moorish idols (Zanclus cornutus) photographed while scuba diving at Bongoyo Patches, a 15 meter deep reef off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Moorish idols are often seen alone, but th...
whitespotted boxfish

Whitespotted Boxfish

A whitespotted boxfish (Ostracion meleagris), photographed while scuba diving on a reef in Dar es Salaam. You can tell that is a female due to the black body and white spots. The male whitespotted boxfish h...
Didemnum molle

Sea Squirt

A sea squirt (Ascidiacea), also known as an ascidian, photographed off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Sea squirts are sac-like marine invertebrate filter feeders, characterized by a tough outer "tuni...
Canthigaster valentini

A Toxic Saddled Puffer

A saddled puffer (Canthigaster valentin), also known as the valentinni's sharpnose puffer or black saddled toby, photographed while scuba diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam. Saddled puffers inhabit rocky...
Boxfish

Stunning Boxfish

A stunning whitespotted boxfish (Ostracion meleagris), photographed while scuba diving on a reef in Dar es Salaam. You can tell that is a female due to the black body and white spots. The male whitespotted ...
Clownfish

Family of Allard’s Clownfish

A family of allard's clownfish (Amphiprion allardi) in their anemone home, with mom in the center, dad to the right and the three young ones, slightly lighter in color...
Variegated lizardfish

Dinner Time!

It's dinner time for a sand lizardfish (Synodus dermatogenys) off the coast of Dar es Salaam. Lizardfish tend to camouflage themselves on rocks on sand...

Black-Blotched Porcupinefish

A black-blotched porcupinefish (Diodon liturosus), photographed while night diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam. In case of danger, the porcupinefish inflates itself by swallowing water in efforts to dete...

Domino Damsels

Domino damsels (Dascyllus trimaculatus) photographed while scuba diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Their grey to black bodies have two lateral white spots and one between the eyes. Generally,...

Leopard Blenny

Mug shot of a leopard blenny (Exallias brevis), hiding from predators inside a barrel coral. Photographed while scuba diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Photo shot with a Sony DSC-RX100M II Ca...
tasseled scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis oxycephala)

Tasseled Scorpionfish

A colorfully patterned tasseled scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis oxycephala) perched atop a coral bommie. Photographed while scuba diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Photo shot with a Sony DSC-RX10...

Black Volitan Lionfish

A black volitan lionfish (Pterois volitans) with venomous spines fully outstretched in efforts to deter the photographer, a potential predator. Photographed while scuba diving off...

Royal Angelfish

A colorful royal angelfish (Pygoplites diacanthus), photographed while scuba diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam. Though a popular aquarium fish, the royal angelfish rarely survives in the aquarium, as it...
Exallias brevis

Leopard Blenny

A leopard blenny (Exallias brevis) hides from predators inside a barrel coral. Photographed while scuba diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania....
Cuttlefish

Fluorescing Cuttlefish

Here a cuttlefish (Sepiida) fluoresces in dive lights during a scuba dive in Dar es Salaam. Cuttlefish are sometimes referred to as the "chameleons of the sea" because of their remarkable ability to rapidly...
bigfin reef squid

Radiant Squid

A radiant big fin reef squid (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) photographed during a night dive in Dar es Salaam. These squids are very curious and attracted to dive lights at night. Some researches suggest that sq...

Banded Coral Shrimp

A banded coral shrimp (Stenopus hispidus) photographed while scuba diving off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Here the cleaner shrimp advertises to passing fish by slowly waving its long white antenna...
Flat-Bodied Crab (Percnon Planissimum)

The Flat-Bodied Crab

A flat-bodied crab (Percnon planissimum) wedged in a coral reef during a night dive in Dar es Salaam. A common crab to see scuttling secretively around boulders in pools and in shallow water. Photo was s...