Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii

Smiths Xanthid – Facts and Photographs

  Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii is a commonly found crab on the East coast of Africa. APPEARANCE Smith's xanthid  grow to a maximum carapace width of  of 60 centimeters and have proportionately ...
golden trevally Gnathanodon speciosus

Golden Trevally – Facts and Photographs

The golden trevally Gnathandon speciosus is also known as the golden kingfish, banded kingfish and in Hawaii it is called the yellow ulua or papio. It is a member of the horse mackrel or jack family. GOLDEN T...
Tailspot Squirrelfish - Sargocentron caudimaculatum

Tailspot Squirrelfish-Facts and Photographs

  The tailspot squirrelfish Sargocentron caudimaculatum, is also known as the whitetail squirrelfish or silverspot squirrelfish. They are members of the sub family Holocentridae,  which are known as...
oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus

Oriental Sweetlips – Facts and Photographs

The oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus, also known as the Indian Ocean oriental sweetlips , is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker f...
pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello)

Pickhandle Barracuda – Facts and Photographs

The pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello) , is also known as the Jello Barracuda, Banded Barracuda, Yellowtail Barracuda and Sea Pike. Barracuda are known as the tigers of the sea and are voracious predato...
Aglaophenia cupressina stinging hydroid fire weed

Stinging Sea Creatures-Fireweed

It may look like a plant, but Aglaophenia cupressina is actually a stinging hydroid. Commonly known as feather fireweed, fire hydroid, stinging seaweed or simply fireweed. Brush against it and you might not...
speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus

Speckled Shrimpfish – Facts and Photographs

The speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus , also known as the  razorfish is related to the seahorses and pipefishes. They have a distinctive way of swimming with their heads in a downwards position. De...
False eye toby Canthigaster solandri

False Eye Toby – Facts and Photographs

The false eye toby, Canthigaster solandri is also known as the ocellated toby, blue spotted toby, jewel pufferfish, solanders toby  and spotted sharpnose puffer. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose...
Shoal of Glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus on Mafia island tanzania

Glowfish – Facts and Photographs

The glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus is also known as the  goldspot seabream or striped large eye bream. Glowfish are a species of emperor and get their name from the conspicuous yellow blotch just behin...
Jellyfish or Sea Jellies Upside down jelly Cassiopea andromeda

Jellyfish or Sea Jellies which is correct ?

Despite the name, jellyfish are not fish and the term is not scientifically appropriate, many scientists are beginning to refer to them as jellies or sea jellies in a similar fashion to the name change occu...
blue striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira on Mafia Island Tanzania

Blue Lined Snapper – Facts and Photographs

The blue lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira is also known as the bluestriped sea perch and blue lined snapper, they are attractive fish which often shoal in large numbers. When seen over a reef, a shoal of thes...
Red Barred Rock Cod Epinephelus fasciatus

Red Barred Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The red barred rock cod Epinephelus fasciatus is also known as the black tipped rock cod, red barred grouper, red banded grouper and the football grouper. APPEARANCE The red barred rock cod has a fair...
Longfin Bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus on Kankadya reef Tanzania

Longfin Bannerfish – Facts and Photographs

The long fin bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus, is also known as the coachman or pennant bannerfish and is sometimes called the poor man's moorish idol by aquarists as they are more affordable. They are close...
Bluebottle Portuguese man of war bloublasie sting

Bluebottles – Stings and All You Need to Know

The bluebottle, (Indo-Pacific) Portuguese man of war, bloublasie and sometimes mistakenly called the bluebottle jellyfish, gets its names from its float. The float resembles a bottle or an old Portuguese ma...
Slipper coral Herpolitha limax

Slipper Coral – Facts and Photographs

Slipper coral (Herpolitha limax) also known as boomerang or tongue coral, is a large polyp stony type of mushroom coral in its own genus Herpolitha and it is the only member of the genus. As with the other ...
Coral rock cod in Mafia Island Marine Park

Coral Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper. APPEARANCE The coral rock cod has a typical grouper...