Scuba Diving Tanzania

Puffer Hiding Out in a Sponge

A short spined pufferfish, or blow fish as they are sometimes called, rests inside an unusually shaped sponge, hidden from predators. These fish often wedge themselves into crevices, and if threatened they'...
shad, Pomatomus saltatrix

The Shad

A shad, Pomatomus saltatrix, peers curiously at the photographer, probably with food on its mind in some way or the other. The shad is known as an "elf" in South Africa, "tailor" in Australia and "bluefish"...
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The Eye of a Batfish-

A longfin batfish, Platax teira peers at the photographer. Because of the effect of water on light, it has fixed pupils that do not adjust to changes in the intensity of light. Compared to terrestrial an...
marine biology

Rough Triggerfish – Facts and Photographs

Rough triggerfish, also known as spotted oceanic triggerfish (Canthidermis maculata)  spend their lives away from the coast, living in floating flotsam and wreckage. Given that triggerfish normally use thei...
scuba diving freediving

It’s Dory in Finding Nemo

Paracanthus hepatus, perhaps better known to many millions of people as Dory in the Disney Pixar films Finding Nemo and its sequel Finding Dory, is also known as a regal tang, a blue tang, palette surgeon f...
scuba diving freediving

Shades of a Longfin Batfish

A Longfin batfish, Platax teira, glides through the water, the obliterate vertical dark line across its eye and black pupil disguises the eye's locations. Additionally the coloring provides camouflage in wa...
scuba diving freediving

A Colorful Ambush Predator

The popeyed scorpionfish, Rhinopias frondosa, is a colorful ambush predator which hides in plain sight, sometimes being surprisingly difficult to distinguish from a piece of coral or plant life. The species...
large mouth bass

Large Mouth Bass at the Cessna

A largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) alongside the Cessna Airplane in Dutch Springs lake. Largemouth bass is a freshwater gamefish in the sunfish family, and is the largest of the black basses. It reac...
freshwater fish

A Camouflaged Yellow Perch

A juvenile fish, appearing to be a yellow perch (Perca flavenscens), meets me face-to-face, in the shallows of Wyman Lake, staring curiously while camouflaged with the mossy, stone background. Young perch f...
diving tanzania

White-Spotted Puffer

A white-spotted puffer (Arothron hispidus). Photographed on a shallow coral reef off the coast of Mbudya Island in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. This ornate pufferfish can reach up to 50 cm (19.6") in length....
diving africa

Sohal Surgeonfish

A sohal surgeonfish (Acanthurus sohal) photographed in the Red Sea, in a seaward edge of a reef off the coast of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. Sohal surgeonfish are a common species and feed on various kinds of a...
flat needlefish

Flat Needlefish

A flat needlefish (Ablennes hians) swims near the surface of the Red Sea. Considered a gamefish, flat needlefish are frequently caught with the help of artificial lights, but are not often eaten because of ...
black saddled toby (Canthigaster Valentini)

A Vibrant Black Saddled Toby

A beautifully patterned and vibrantly colored black saddled toby, scientifically known as the Canthigaster Valentini. This fish is widely distributed throughout the tropical and...
Seychelles Butterflyfish Chaetodon madagaskariensis

Seychelles Butterflyfish

A seychelles butterflyfish (Chaetodon madagaskariensis) on a coral reef off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Seychelles butterflyfish are found in the Indian Ocean from eastern Africa to Cocos-Keeling ...
Blenny1-2

A Fish Out of Water

One evening, while in search of nudibranchs to photograph at the rock pools in Ballito, South Africa, this dussumiers rockskipper (Istiblennius dussumieri), crawled out of...
moray eel

Grumpy Moray Eel

A grumpy moray eel attempts to warn off potential predators by showing off his sharp pearly whites and his large gaping mouth. Photographed while scuba...
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The Passenger

I was making a sunset dive with the intention of photographing mandarinfish mating when I spotted this beautiful solar powered nudibranch. I was already busy photographing...
Clearfin Lionfish (Pterois radiata)

Clearfin Lionfish

A clearfin lionfish (Pterois radiata), also known as the tailbar lionfish, radiata lionfish or radial firefish perches on a coral rock off the coast of Dar es Salaam. This is the only lionfish species which has...
Oxymonacanthus longirostris-2

Orange Spotted Filefish

The orange spotted filefish or harlequin filefish (Oxymonacanthus longirostris) can be usually found near its food source, acropora coral. At night the fish will anchor inside of this coral to camouflage it...
zebra lionfish

Zebra Lionfish in Dar es Salaam

A zebra lionfish (Dendrochirus zebra), also known as a dwarf lionfish, rests on a barrel sponge (Xestospongia testudinaria) off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Lionfish have venomous spines that can b...
moorish idol

Lateral Line of a Moorish Idol

Look closely at this photograph of a moorish idol (Zanclus cornutus) and you will see the lateral line running along the moorish idol's body in the the center...
Coris Caudimacula

Spot-Tail Wrasse

A spot-tail wrasse (Coris Caudimacula) swims across the inner reef off the coast of Bongoyo Island in Dar es Salaam, sticking close to some urchin spines which...
Ctenochaetus truncatus

A Lucky Tang

A spotted bristletooth tang (Ctenochaetus truncatus) swims across the inside reef off the coast of Bongoyo Island in Dar es Salaam. These fish start out their lives as bright yellow, and as they age they da...
thornspine cow fish

Cow Fish

A thornspine cow fish (Lactoria fornasini) pouts at the camera, box fish may seem helpless and vulnerable, but they have the ability to secrete a poisonous mucus in the water when threatened. Also, their ex...
barracuda

Barracuda Shoal in Borneo

A shoal of juvenile great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) swim across the top of the reef in Mabal Kapalai, Borneo. Great barracuda can grow over 6 feet (1.8 m) long, and are vicious predators, preying main...
Bolbometopon muricatum

Shoal of Bumphead Parrotfish

A shoal of curious bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) approach me out of curiosity. The largest of all the parrotfish growing up to 1.5 meters, these fish have been heavily exploited and are sough...
Chelmon rostratus

Copperband Butterflyfish

A copperband butterflyfish (Chelmon rostratus) hides under an overhang at night, sleeping upside down. Many reef fish particularly the angels and butterflyfish seem quite at home upside down under a ledge o...