Sapphire Damselfish- Facts and Photographs

sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo

The sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo, is also  known as the  peacock damselfish or blue damselfish. They are a colorful fish that is common on the East African coast. Often confused with the more common green damsel, Chromis viridis, they are actually quite easy to differentiate. The green damselfish has a markedly forked tail whereas the sapphire damselfish does not.

APPEARANCE

The base color is a blue green color, with blue striations vertically down the body and horizontally across the face. The fins are lined with a light blue stripe and the anal fin has a more marked darker blue stripe. Mature specimens usually have a dark blue or black dot behind the gill.

sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo

 

IN THE WILD

The sapphire damselfish are often found in or around Acropora corals in shoals of up to 30. They are quick to dart into the coral for protection and make a colorful sight as they dart in and out of the coral in unison. They are highly territorial and will always be found in the same area.

HABITAT

The sapphire damselfish is found across the Indian ocean from East Africa across to Lord Howe Island and north to Taiwan. Usually they are found in the shallower sections of the reef and in Tanzania are seldom if ever seen deeper than 12 meters.

sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo

DIET

The sapphire damselfish feed on zooplankton and algae.

REPRODUCTION

Pairing before mating has been noted and the eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate. The males guard and aerate the eggs until they hatch.

sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo

 

AQUARIUMS

Sapphire damselfish have a highly territorial nature and refuse to allow other fish in their territory. Because of this territorial nature they are seldom if ever seen in aquariums.

SAPPHIRE DAMSELFISH CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:   Chordata
Class:       Actinopterygii
Order:      Perciformes
Family:    Pomacentridae
Genus:     Pomacentrus
Species:   P. pavo

LITERATURE CITED

The Reef Guide fishes, corals, nudibranchs & other invertebrates
East and South Coasts of Southern Africa
Dennis King & Valda Fraser

EQUIPMENT USED

Canon 7D

Ikelite 7D Housing

Twin Ikelite DS 161 Strobes

Flat Ikelite Lens Port

Ikelite Dual Synch Cord 

Ikelite 5.1 inch Port body

IMAGES

sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo

 

 

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