Day octopus, Octopus cyanea . 

Day Octopus – Facts Photographs and Video

The Day octopus, Octopus cyanea is also known as Cyane's octopus, the Big Red octopus, White-spotted octopus or the Grass octopus. As its name suggests is diurnal and unusually for an octopus hunts during t...

Domino Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

  The Domino Damselfish, Dascyllus trimaculatus is also known as the Three Spot Dascyllus. Despite their lack of bright colouration they have a lot of character. APPEARANCE The base color varies b...
ornate spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lobster – Facts and Photographs

The Ornate spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus is also known as the Tropical rock lobster and the Ornate tropical rock lobster . They are among the largest of the Panuliris lobsters and are greatly favored as ...
Crescent Tail Bigeye Priacanthus hamrur, is also known as the lunar-tailed bigeye, goggle eye, or moontail bulls eye

Crescent Tail Bigeye – Facts and Photographs

The Crescent Tail Bigeye Priacanthus hamrur, is also known as the Lunar-tailed bigeye, Goggle eye, or Moontail bulls eye.  As can be seen in the images they obtain their name from their large eye and their cr...
Bicolour toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish

Bicolor Toby – Facts and Photographs

  The Bicolor toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose members are called sharp-nosed puffers or tobies and who are much smalle...
Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from their fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
map puffer , Arothron mappa

Map Pufferfish – Facts and Photographs

The the map pufferfish  or scribbled puffer, Arothron mappa are not commonly seen on the reefs in East Africa.  They obtain their name from the patterns on the body.  As with many other puffers, they have a...
Cryptic Sponge crab Cryptodromiopsis spongiosa

Sponge Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Sponge crab Lauridromia dehaani is not often seen due to their nocturnal habits. During the day they hide in crevices or holes and are usually only seen at night.  As their name implies they decorate th...
Phyllidiella zeylanica

Phyllidiella zeylanica-Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiella zeylanica is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. They were first described in Sri Lanka by Keelart in 1859 hence the name Zeylonika. They are known as the Ceylon Phyllidiella in...
Phyllidiopsis shireenae

Phyllidiopsis shireenae -Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiopsis shireenae is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. They were first described in 1993 by Brunckhorst. APPEARANCE Phyllidiopsis shireenae ...
Scuba diving Tanzania East Africa Mafia Island

The Dive Sites of Mainland Tanzania

Tanzania has a fairly long undeveloped coastline 1424 km long, with many undiscovered diving spots that are undoubtedly going to develop in the future. The three main large islands of Pemba, Ungudja ( known...
geometric moray (Gymnothorax griseus)

Geometric Moray Eel-Facts and Photographs

The geometric moray (Gymnothorax griseus) is one of the smaller and more docile moray eels. APPEARANCE The geometric moray eel has a grey or lilac coloured head with geometric dotted patterns on it. These...
Tiger Cardinalfish, Cheilodipterus macrodon

Tiger Cardinalfish-Facts and Photographs

The Tiger Cardinalfish, Cheilodipterus macrodon is also known as the  large-toothed cardinalfish. They are one of the few species of saltwater fish that are mouth brooders. APPEARANCE The Tiger Cardinalfi...
Umbilical Egg Cowrie (Calpurnus verrucosus)

Umbilical Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Umbilical Egg Cowrie, (Calpurnus verrucosus) also known as the Verruca Cowrie or  Little Egg Cowrie is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Te...
sea dragon pteraeolidia ianthina

Sea Dragon – Facts and Photographs

The Sea Dragon Pteraeolidia ianthina or Blue Dragon as it is known in Australia  is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. They are in the superfamily Aeolidioidea and are known as aeolids. APPEAR...
Arothron meleagris, guineafowl pufferfish or golden pufferfish

Guineafowl Pufferfish – Facts and Photographs

The the guineafowl puffer or golden puffer, Arothron meleagris are a fairly common sight on the reefs in East Africa. They obtain their name from the coloration which resembles that of a Guineafowl.  As wit...
Phyllidiopsis gemmata

Phyllidiopsis gemmata -Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiopsis gemmate is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. They were first described in Java in 1957 by Pruvot-Fol. APPEARANCE Phyllidiopsis gemma...
Nembrotha aurea sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Polyceridae.

Nembrotha aurea – Facts and Photographs

The Nembrotha aurea is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. APPEARANCE Nembrotha aurea have an elongated shape and smooth skin.  The body has black lines...