Flower urchin,Toxopneustes pileolus

Stinging Sea Creatures-Flower Urchin

  The Flower urchin, Toxopneustes pileolus may look pretty but it is not something to be touched.  When scuba divers are given their dive briefing and warned to only leave bubbles and not to touch o...
Day octopus, Octopus cyanea . 

Day Octopus – Facts Photographs and Video

The Day octopus, Octopus cyanea is also known as Cyane's octopus, the Big Red octopus, White-spotted octopus or the Grass octopus. As its name suggests is diurnal and unusually for an octopus hunts during t...

Domino Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

  The Domino Damselfish, Dascyllus trimaculatus is also known as the Three Spot Dascyllus. Despite their lack of bright colouration they have a lot of character. APPEARANCE The base color varies b...
moon wrasse (Thalassoma lunare)

Moon Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

  The Moon Wrasse (Thalassoma lunare) is also known as the Lunar wrasse or Crescent tail wrasse. They obtain their name from the crescent shaped tail that is present in the adults. APPEARANCE Moon...
ornate spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lobster – Facts and Photographs

The Ornate spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus is also known as the Tropical rock lobster and the Ornate tropical rock lobster . They are among the largest of the Panuliris lobsters and are greatly favored as ...
Variegated Lizardfish also known as the Reef or Red Banded Lizzardfish, Synodus variegatus

Variegated Lizardfish- Facts and Photographs

The Variegated Lizardfish (Synodus variegatus) is also known as the Reef Lizardfish or Red Banded Lizardfish. Lizardfish are so named because the long tapered body and head resemble a lizard. APPEARANCE T...
Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from their fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
Antennarius commerson Giant frogfish , Commerson's Frogfish

Giant Frogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Giant frogfish or Commerson's frogfish, Antennarius commerson is one of the more unusual fishes found on coral reefs. They are exceptionally well camouflaged and can resemble a sponge, coral or a rock. ...
Scuba diving Tanzania East Africa Mafia Island

The Dive Sites of Mainland Tanzania

Tanzania has a fairly long undeveloped coastline 1424 km long, with many undiscovered diving spots that are undoubtedly going to develop in the future. The three main large islands of Pemba, Ungudja ( known...
Umbilical Egg Cowrie (Calpurnus verrucosus)

Umbilical Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Umbilical Egg Cowrie, (Calpurnus verrucosus) also known as the Verruca Cowrie or  Little Egg Cowrie is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Te...
Phyllidiopsis gemmata

Phyllidiopsis gemmata -Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiopsis gemmate is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. They were first described in Java in 1957 by Pruvot-Fol. APPEARANCE Phyllidiopsis gemma...
Nemateleotris magnifica, the Fire Goby, Fire Fish, Fire Dartfish, or Red Fire Goby

Fire Dartfish-Facts and Photographs

The Fire Dartfish Nemateleotris magnifica also known as the fire goby or Red Fire Dartfish is  an unusually shaped and colorful fish. APPEARANCE The Fire dartfish  has a pale yellow head which fades into ...
Swallowtail hawkfish, Cyprinocirrhites polyactis

Swallowtail Hawkfish-Facts-Photographs

The Swallowtail hawkfish, Cyprinocirrhites polyactis, is also known as the Lyretail or Soaring Hawkfish. They differ from other hawkfish in that they are often found in shoals. Sometimes when they are juven...
sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo

Sapphire Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

The sapphire damselfish Pomacentrus pavo, is also  known as the  peacock damselfish or blue damselfish. They are a colorful fish that is common on the East African coast. Often confused with the more common...
spotted jelly, lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish (Mastigias papua)

Spotted Jellyfish – Facts and Photographs

The Spotted Jelly, Mastigias papua is also known as the lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish. They are closely related to the famous jellies found in the lakes in Palau. The jellies in the lakes...
Goldspotted sweetlips

Goldspotted Sweetlips – Facts and Photographs

The goldspotted sweetlips Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus, also known as the Lemonfish, is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker fleshy lips hen...