Flower urchin,Toxopneustes pileolus

Stinging Sea Creatures-Flower Urchin

  The Flower urchin, Toxopneustes pileolus may look pretty but it is not something to be touched.  When scuba divers are given their dive briefing and warned to only leave bubbles and not to touch o...
Day octopus, Octopus cyanea . 

Day Octopus – Facts Photographs and Video

The Day octopus, Octopus cyanea is also known as Cyane's octopus, the Big Red octopus, White-spotted octopus or the Grass octopus. As its name suggests is diurnal and unusually for an octopus hunts during t...

Domino Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

  The Domino Damselfish, Dascyllus trimaculatus is also known as the Three Spot Dascyllus. Despite their lack of bright colouration they have a lot of character. APPEARANCE The base color varies b...
moon wrasse (Thalassoma lunare)

Moon Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

  The Moon Wrasse (Thalassoma lunare) is also known as the Lunar wrasse or Crescent tail wrasse. They obtain their name from the crescent shaped tail that is present in the adults. APPEARANCE Moon...
ornate spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lobster – Facts and Photographs

The Ornate spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus is also known as the Tropical rock lobster and the Ornate tropical rock lobster . They are among the largest of the Panuliris lobsters and are greatly favored as ...
Crescent Tail Bigeye Priacanthus hamrur, is also known as the lunar-tailed bigeye, goggle eye, or moontail bulls eye

Crescent Tail Bigeye – Facts and Photographs

The Crescent Tail Bigeye Priacanthus hamrur, is also known as the Lunar-tailed bigeye, Goggle eye, or Moontail bulls eye.  As can be seen in the images they obtain their name from their large eye and their cr...
Bicolour toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish

Bicolor Toby – Facts and Photographs

  The Bicolor toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose members are called sharp-nosed puffers or tobies and who are much smalle...
Variegated Lizardfish also known as the Reef or Red Banded Lizzardfish, Synodus variegatus

Variegated Lizardfish- Facts and Photographs

The Variegated Lizardfish (Synodus variegatus) is also known as the Reef Lizardfish or Red Banded Lizardfish. Lizardfish are so named because the long tapered body and head resemble a lizard. APPEARANCE T...
Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from their fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
map puffer , Arothron mappa

Map Pufferfish – Facts and Photographs

The the map pufferfish  or scribbled puffer, Arothron mappa are not commonly seen on the reefs in East Africa.  They obtain their name from the patterns on the body.  As with many other puffers, they have a...
Antennarius commerson Giant frogfish , Commerson's Frogfish

Giant Frogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Giant frogfish or Commerson's frogfish, Antennarius commerson is one of the more unusual fishes found on coral reefs. They are exceptionally well camouflaged and can resemble a sponge, coral or a rock. ...
Cryptic Sponge crab Cryptodromiopsis spongiosa

Sponge Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Sponge crab Lauridromia dehaani is not often seen due to their nocturnal habits. During the day they hide in crevices or holes and are usually only seen at night.  As their name implies they decorate th...
Phyllidiella zeylanica

Phyllidiella zeylanica-Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiella zeylanica is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. They were first described in Sri Lanka by Keelart in 1859 hence the name Zeylonika. They are known as the Ceylon Phyllidiella in...
Phyllidiopsis shireenae

Phyllidiopsis shireenae -Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiopsis shireenae is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. They were first described in 1993 by Brunckhorst. APPEARANCE Phyllidiopsis shireenae ...
Mozambique scorpionfish Parascorpaena Mossambica

Mozambique Scorpionfish- Facts and Photographs

The Mozambique scorpionfish Parascorpaena Mossambica is one of the smaller scorpionfish. They have a very distinctive set of elongated cirri above the eyes that resemble antlers. As with all the scorpionfis...
geometric moray (Gymnothorax griseus)

Geometric Moray Eel-Facts and Photographs

The geometric moray (Gymnothorax griseus) is one of the smaller and more docile moray eels. APPEARANCE The geometric moray eel has a grey or lilac coloured head with geometric dotted patterns on it. These...