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Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs - Seaunseen

Anker’s Whip Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri)

The Anker’s Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri) is also known as the Barred Wire Coral Shrimp and sometimes simply as the Whip Coral Shrimp. They are small shrimp that form a comensual relationship with various species of Whip Corals or as they are sometimes known, Wire Corals.  They are small and not easy to spot, but once one has seen a few they are easier to find.

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri) is also known as the Barred Wire Coral Shrimp

APPEARANCE

The Ankers’s Whip Coral Shrimp has a maximum body length of 13 millimeters. They can at first sight easily be confused with the Zanzibar Whip Coral Shrimp (Dasycaris zanzibarica) but they have a smooth carapace and the Zanzibar Whip Coral Shrimp has spikes on the carapace that emulate the tendrils of the whip coral.

The Anker’s colouration varies from a series of white and translucent bars to a light brown with darker brown bars as seen in the image above.  Females grow to be far larger than males and when both sexes are full grown females are up to three times the size of the male.

They have three sets of walking legs and a set of legs with small pincers known as chelipeds. The right cheliped seems larger in most specimens, but on some specimens the reverse is true.

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri)

ANKER’S WHIP CORAL SHRIMP IN THE WILD

Anker’s Whip Coral Shrimp are only found on whip corals and being fairly small are not easy to spot. Once one has found a few it gets easier and the trick is to swim around a whip coral from quite close up, looking for protrusions. If one does this often enough one will also spot the Whip Coral Goby and on occasion the Spindle Cowrie.

They are usually found in pairs on the whip coral, so if you spot one a search of the coral will usually result in finding another specimen. They tend to be found in the upper mid third of the coral and if they feel threatened by a diver will usually move downwards not upwards and will attempt to move onto the opposite side of the coral first before moving down the coral.

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri)

SQUAT SHRIMP HABITAT

The Anker’s Whip Coral Shrimp have a wide distribution and are found across the Indian and Pacific oceans. In Tanzania we have seen them from 8 meters to 20 meters in depth.

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri) is also known as the Barred Wire Coral Shrimp

DIET

The Anker’s Whip Coral Shrimp feed on parasites, algae and plankton. There is very little literature on them and they may also feed off mucus from the coral.

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri)

REPRODUCTION

There seems to be no literature on their breeding habits. Sexual dimorphism is displayed in that the females are larger than the males. As with all crustaceans once they mate the eggs are extruded onto the spinnerets of the females. When the eggs hatch there are several larval stages that the larvae go through.

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri)

AQUARIUMS

Because of the difficulty of keeping Whip Corals in a tank they are not usually kept in aquariums. .

Anker's Whip Coral Shrimp (Pontonides ankeri) is also known as the Barred Wire Coral Shrimp

ANKER’S WHIP CORAL SHRIMP CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum:Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder:Caridea
Superfamily:Alpheoidea
Family: Palaemonidae
Genus: Pontonides
Species: P. ankeri

LITERATURE CITED

EQUIPMENT USED

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