five-lined cardinalfish, Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus

Five-lined Cardinalfish-Facts and Photographs

The Five-lined cardinalfish, Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus is also known as the Sharp Toothed cardinalfish. They are a fairly common fish on the reefs in Tanzania. APPEARANCE The Five-lined cardinalf...
Weedy scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is also known as the Lacy Scorpionfish

Weedy Scorpionfish- Facts and Photographs

The Weedy Scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is an extremely unusual looking fish. They are often confused with the Paddle-flap Scorpionfish Rhinopias eschmeyeri which are similar in looks but are not as ornat...
Exquisite Fairy Wrasse (Cirrhilabrus exquisitus)

Exquisite Fairy Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Exquisite Fairy Wrasse (Cirrhilabrus exquisitus) is a very common wrasse on the reef edge and rubble areas off the Tanzanian coast. They are small colorful wrasses that often congregate in large groups....
ribbon eel (Rhinomuraena quaesita) is also known as the leaf-nosed moray eel.

Ribbon Eel-Facts Video and Photographs

The ribbon eel (Rhinomuraena quaesita) is also known as the leaf-nosed moray eel. With their enlarged nostrils they are easily distinguished from any other eel. Due to their unusual habits and physiology th...
Ghost Cardinalfish Nectamia fusca

Ghost Cardinalfish-Facts and Photographs

The Ghost Cardinalfish Nectamia fusca has not been previously documented in Tanzania or African waters. They are one of the few species of saltwater fish that are mouth brooders. Two specimens were found wh...

Pharaoh Cardinalfish-Facts and Photographs

The Pharaoh cardinalfish Apogonichthyoides pharaonis is not a commonly known cardinalfish. They are found only in the western Indian Ocean but have extended their range and migrated up the Suez canal. They ...
Iridescent Cardinalfish Pristiapogon kallopterus also known as the Spinyhead Cardinalfish or Kallopterus Cardinalfish

Iridescent Cardinalfish-Facts and Photographs

  The Iridescent Cardinalfish Pristiapogon kallopterus is also known as the Spinyhead Cardinalfish or Kallopterus Cardinalfish. They are one of the few species of saltwater fish that are mouth brood...
Goldbelly cardinalfish Ostorhinchus apogonidesis also known as the  Plain cardinalfish and the Short tooth cardinalfish

Goldbelly Cardinalfish-Facts and Photographs

The Goldbelly cardinalfish Ostorhinchus apogonidesis also known as the  Plain cardinalfish and the Short tooth cardinalfish . They are one of the few species of saltwater fish that are mouth brooders. They ...

Fire Urchin

Astropyga radiata, the red urchin, fire urchin or false fire urchin spawning into the water. Taken on a night dive on Octopus top reef off Dar es Salaam, Tanzania at 14 meters. As the light hit the urchin i...
False-eye Damsel Abudefduf sparoides, also known as the False-eye Sergeant

False-eye Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

The False-eye Damselfish Abudefduf sparoides is also known as the False-eye Sergeant. Compared to most Damselfish the have a very small range. Even within the range they are not a commonly seen fish. APPEA...
Bicolor cleaner wrasse Labroides bicolor is also known as the Two-colored Cleaner Wrasse and the Yellow Diesel Wrasse.

Bicolor Cleaner Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Bicolor cleaner wrasse Labroides bicolor is also known as the Two-colored Cleaner Wrasse and the Yellow Diesel Wrasse. They are relatively common inhabitants of the reefs in Tanzania. They are not as co...
Cheek-lined Maori wrasse Oxycheilinus digramma also known as the , Cheeklined Maori wrasse, Cheeklined wrasse and Bandcheek wrasse

Cheek-lined Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

  The Cheek-lined wrasse Oxycheilinus digramma is also known as the Cheeklined Maori wrasse, Cheeklined wrasse and Bandcheek wrasse. They are relatively common inhabitants of the reefs in Tanzania. ...
Two-Spot Maori Wrasse (Cheilinus bimaculatus) also known as the Little Maori wrasse and Two-spot wrasse

Two-Spot Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Two-Spot Wrasse Oxycheilinus bimaculatus also known as the Little Maori wrasse and Two-spot Maori wrasse. They are relatively common inhabitants of the reefs in Tanzania and are the smallest wrasses of ...
jewel damselfish Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus, also known as the whitespotted devil

Jewel Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

  The Jewel damselfish Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus is also known as the Whitespeckled Demoiselle and the Whitespotted devil. They are highly territorial and are common on reef tops and rubble area...
Chevron Butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifascialis), also known as Triangulate Butterflyfish or V-lined Butterflyfish

Chevron Butterflyfish – Facts and Photographs

The Chevron Butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifascialis) is also known as the Triangulate Butterflyfish, V-lined Butterflyfish and Acropora Butterflyfish. In terms of their diet they are the most highly specialis...
Ternate chromis Chromis ternatensis also known as the Golden chromis and the Swallowtail Puller

Ternate Chromis – Facts and Photographs

The Ternate chromis Chromis ternatensis is also known as the Golden chromis and the Swallowtail Puller.  Usually found above branching corals in large numbers they are an abundant fish on the East African C...
Chocolate Grouper (Cephalopholis boenak)is also known as the Chocolate Hind and the Brownbarred Rockcod.

Chocolate Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Chocolate Grouper (Cephalopholis boenak)is also known as the Chocolate Hind and the Brownbarred Rockcod. They are fairly common off the coasts of Tanzania and Kenya. They are not that common in the Dar ...
Thornback cowfish,Lactioria fornasini is also known as the Spiny-backed Cow-fish, Thornspine Cowfish and the Thorny-back Cowfish

Thornback Cowfish- Facts and Photographs

Byno The Thornback cowfish, Lactioria fornasini is also known as the Spiny-backed Cow-fish, Thornspine Cowfish and the Thorny-back Cowfish. Their plate-like scales are fused together to form a solid box-li...
Black-lip Porcupinefish (Lophodiodon calori) Also known as Burrfish and Four-bar Porcupinefish

Blacklip Porcupinefish- Facts and Photographs

The Blacklip Porcupinefish (Lophodiodon calori) is also known as the Burrfish or Four-bar Porcupinefish.  They are members of the pufferfish family and are able to take water into their stomachs and blow th...
Textile cone Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone

Stinging Sea Creatures-Textile Cone Shell

,   The Textile cone shell Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone shell. As with all the cone shells, they are carnivorous and predatory, preying on other mollusks.  In order to quickl...
Slender Grouper Epinephelus leucogrammicusis is also known as the Slender Rockcod, White-lined Grouper and White-lined Rockcod

Slender Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Slender Grouper Epinephelus leucogrammicusis is also known as the Slender Rockcod, White-lined Grouper and White-lined Rockcod. They are fairly common off the coasts of Tanzania and Kenya.  They are not...
Raggy Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis venosa) is also known as the Yellow-nose Scorpionfish

Raggy Scorpionfish-Facts Photographs

The Raggy Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis venosa) is also known as the Yellow-nose Scorpionfish.  As with all Scorpionfish, they are ambush predators which rely on very colorful camouflage. In deeper waters whe...