Invertebrates

Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculosus

Porcelain Anemone Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus is also known as the Spotted porcelain crab. They are decapod crustaceans in the Porcellanidae family. Although they resemble true crabs they ...
Day octopus, Octopus cyanea . 

Day Octopus – Facts Photographs and Video

The Day octopus, Octopus cyanea is also known as Cyane's octopus, the Big Red octopus, White-spotted octopus or the Grass octopus. As its name suggests is diurnal and unusually for an octopus hunts during t...
ornate spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lobster – Facts and Photographs

,be The Ornate spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus is also known as the Tropical rock lobster and the Ornate tropical rock lobster . They are among the largest of the Panuliris lobsters and are greatly favored ...
Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from the fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance t...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
Cryptic Sponge crab Cryptodromiopsis spongiosa

Sponge Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Sponge crab Lauridromia dehaani is not often seen due to their nocturnal habits. During the day they hide in crevices or holes and are usually only seen at night.  As their name implies they decorate th...
Phyllidiella zeylanica

Phyllidiella zeylanica-Facts and Photographs

ap The Phyllidiella zeylanica is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. They were first described in Sri Lanka by Keelart in 1859 hence the name Zeylonika. They are known as the Ceylon Phyllidiella ...
Phyllidiopsis shireenae

Phyllidiopsis shireenae -Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiopsis shireenae is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. They were first described in 1993 by Brunckhorst. APPEARANCE Phyllidiopsis shireenae ...
Umbilical Egg Cowrie (Calpurnus verrucosus)

Umbilical Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Umbilical Egg Cowrie, (Calpurnus verrucosus) also known as the Verruca Cowrie or  Little Egg Cowrie is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Te...
sea dragon pteraeolidia ianthina

Sea Dragon – Facts and Photographs

The Sea Dragon Pteraeolidia ianthina or Blue Dragon as it is known in Australia  is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. They are in the superfamily Aeolidioidea and are known as aeolids. APPEAR...
Phyllidiopsis gemmata

Phyllidiopsis gemmata -Facts and Photographs

The Phyllidiopsis gemmate is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. They were first described in Java in 1957 by Pruvot-Fol. APPEARANCE Phyllidiopsis gemma...
Nembrotha aurea sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Polyceridae.

Nembrotha aurea – Facts and Photographs

The Nembrotha aurea is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. APPEARANCE Nembrotha aurea have an elongated shape and smooth skin.  The body has black lines...
African Chromodoris Chromodoris africana, four-coloured nudibranch, species of colourful sea slug a dorid nudibranch

African Chromodoris – Facts and Photographs

The African Chromodoris Chromodoris Africana also known as the  four-coloured nudibranch is a species of colourful sea slug. They are dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks. APPEARANCE African Chrom...
spotted jelly, lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish (Mastigias papua)

Spotted Jellyfish – Facts and Photographs

The Spotted Jelly, Mastigias papua is also known as the lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish. They are closely related to the famous jellies found in the lakes in Palau. The jellies in the lakes...
varicose phyllidia (phyllidia varicosa)

Varicose Phyllidia – Facts and Photographs

The varicose phyllidia (phyllidia varicosa)  is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. It obtains its scientific name varicose which means swollen veins, from the resemblance of the ridges to swoll...
Ovula ovum, common name the common egg cowrie

Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The egg cowrie, (Ovula ovum) is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Technically they are not cowries per se but because of their similarity to co...
banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp.

Banded Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp. They are shrimp-like decapod crustaceans belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Their bright red and white coloratio...
tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris)

The Tiger Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) is one of the larger species of cowrie. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are an extremely attractive sight as they move across the reef. APPEARANCE R...
smiths xanthid Eriphia smithiii

Smiths Xanthid – Facts and Photographs

Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii is a commonly found crab on the East coast of Africa. Because of their large nippers and red colouration they are easily recognisable. APPEARANCE Smith's xanthid  grow to a...
Jellyfish or Sea Jellies Upside down jelly Cassiopea andromeda

Jellyfish or Sea Jellies which is correct ?

Despite the name, jellyfish are not fish and the term is not scientifically appropriate, many scientists are beginning to refer to them as jellies or sea jellies in a similar fashion to the name change occu...
Bluebottle Portuguese man of war bloublasie sting

Bluebottles – Stings and All You Need to Know

The bluebottle, (Indo-Pacific) Portuguese man of war, bloublasie and sometimes mistakenly called the bluebottle jellyfish, gets its names from its float. The float resembles a bottle or an old Portuguese ma...