Invertebrates

Unidentified Fish species

This fish has been identified as Amblyglyphidodon indicus thanks for the help Can anyone identify this Damselfish ?  Only seen so far on the Tanzanian coast from Songo Songo Island to Dar es Salaam in Tanzan...
Unidentified

Unidentified species

Can anyone identify this organism ? It was approximately 6 cm in length, photographed at 6 to 8 meters in depth at night off the coast of Tanzania. On the one hand it looks like a flatworm, but it is too thick ...

Decorator Crab- Facts and Photographs

Decorator crabs belong to the superfamily Majoidea and there are many different species that decorate themselves. They obtain their name from their habit of decorating their bodies with various plants and a...
Marine Flatworms in the Turbellaria sub division of Platyhelminthes

Marine Flatworms-Facts-Photographs and Video

Marine Platyhelminthes or Marine Flatworms as they are commonly known are often extremely colorful creatures. The brightly colored species are easy to spot while diving and if one is lucky one can see them ...
map cowry Leporicypraea mappa

The Map Cowrie-Facts and Photographs

The Map cowrie (Leporicypraea mappa) is one of the larger species of cowrie found in Tanzania. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are nocturnal and far more reclusive than the other large...
Red Spotted Guard Crab, (Trapezia rufopunctata) is also known as the Rust Spotted Guard Crab

Rust Spotted Guard Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Rust Spotted Guard Crab, (Trapezia rufopunctata) is also known as the Red Spotted Guard Crab in some areas. They  spend their entire lives living between the branches of corals of the Pocillopora and Ac...

Unidentified species

After photographing an Anemone Hermit crab (Dardanus pedunculatus) I noticed a large number of Amphipods ( I think they are Amphipods) in the image on the back of the crab.  Some are in the tentacles of the ane...
Gorgonian weapper Nemanthus species

Gorgonian Wrapper – Facts and Photographs

The Gorgonian wrapper (Nemanthus species) is also known as the Tiger Anemone. They are a species of communal anemones that are usually found wrapped around Gorgonian corals and Whip corals. Occasionally the...
Tube Anemone

Tube Anemone – Facts and Photographs

Tube Anemone's are not anemones per se and are somewhere in-between anemones and corals. They are in the sub class Ceriantharia and live inside long tubes which go into the substrate.  In Tanzanian waters t...

Images

A Two-Spot Wrasse Oxycheilinus bimaculatus also known as the Little Maori wrasse and Two-spot Maori wrasse. Taken on a  dive on Big T reef off Dar es Salaam, Tanzania at 12 meters. I saw the male in the ...
Red helmet shell Cypraecassis rufa is also known as the Bullmouth shell and as the Cameo shell

Red Helmet Shell – Facts and Photographs

The Red helmet shell Cypraecassis rufa is also known as the Bullmouth shell and as the Cameo shell. Large specimens such as those in these images are now very rare due to their collection for sale to the ca...
Harlequin Shrimp (Hymenocera elegans)

Harlequin Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Harlequin shrimp (Hymenocera picta) is one of the more colourful and ornate shrimps around. Their ornate specialised mouth parts and sensory organs elicit a second look, along with leaving one wondering...
Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus )

Marbled Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus ) is also known as the Saron Shrimp, Eyespot Shrimp or Carid Shrimp. They are rather ungainly looking shrimp with a fairly long rostrum. Their hairy looking  backs and ...

Fire Urchin

Astropyga radiata, the red urchin, fire urchin or false fire urchin spawning into the water. Taken on a night dive on Octopus top reef off Dar es Salaam, Tanzania at 14 meters. As the light hit the urchin i...
Textile cone Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone

Stinging Sea Creatures-Textile Cone Shell

,   The Textile cone shell Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone shell. As with all the cone shells, they are carnivorous and predatory, preying on other mollusks.  In order to quickl...
Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculosus

Porcelain Anemone Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus is also known as the Spotted porcelain crab. They are decapod crustaceans in the Porcellanidae family. Although they resemble true crabs they are actual...
Day octopus, Octopus cyanea . 

Day Octopus – Facts Photographs and Video

The Day octopus, Octopus cyanea is also known as Cyane's octopus, the Big Red octopus, White-spotted octopus or the Grass octopus. As its name suggests is diurnal and unusually for an octopus hunts during t...
ornate spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lobster – Facts and Photographs

,be The Ornate spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus is also known as the Tropical rock lobster and the Ornate tropical rock lobster . They are among the largest of the Panuliris lobsters and are greatly favored ...
Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from the fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance t...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
Cryptic Sponge crab Cryptodromiopsis spongiosa

Sponge Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Sponge crab Lauridromia dehaani is not often seen due to their nocturnal habits. During the day they hide in crevices or holes and are usually only seen at night.  As their name implies they decorate th...