Crustaceans & Shellfish

Textile cone Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone

Stinging Sea Creatures-Textile Cone Shell

,   The Textile cone shell Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone shell. As with all the cone shells, they are carnivorous and predatory, preying on other mollusks.  In order to quickl...
Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculosus

Porcelain Anemone Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus is also known as the Spotted porcelain crab. They are decapod crustaceans in the Porcellanidae family. Although they resemble true crabs they ...
ornate spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lobster – Facts and Photographs

,be The Ornate spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus is also known as the Tropical rock lobster and the Ornate tropical rock lobster . They are among the largest of the Panuliris lobsters and are greatly favored ...
Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from the fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance t...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
Cryptic Sponge crab Cryptodromiopsis spongiosa

Sponge Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Sponge crab Lauridromia dehaani is not often seen due to their nocturnal habits. During the day they hide in crevices or holes and are usually only seen at night.  As their name implies they decorate th...
Umbilical Egg Cowrie (Calpurnus verrucosus)

Umbilical Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Umbilical Egg Cowrie, (Calpurnus verrucosus) also known as the Verruca Cowrie or  Little Egg Cowrie is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Te...
Ovula ovum, common name the common egg cowrie

Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The egg cowrie, (Ovula ovum) is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Technically they are not cowries per se but because of their similarity to co...
banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp.

Banded Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp. They are shrimp-like decapod crustaceans belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Their bright red and white coloratio...
tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) 

The Tiger Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) is one of the larger species of cowrie. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are an extremely attractive sight as they move across the reef. APPEARANCE R...
smiths xanthid Eriphia smithiii

Smiths Xanthid – Facts and Photographs

Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii is a commonly found crab on the East coast of Africa. Because of their large nippers and red colouration they are easily recognisable. APPEARANCE Smith's xanthid  grow to a...
Mole Crabs- Sea Lice-Genus Emerita

Mole Crabs – Facts and Photographs

Mole crabs of the genus Emerentia, also known as sea lice, sand fleas or sand crabs, are small crabs that are seldom seen, except perhaps when their shells are washed up on a beach. APPEARANCE Mole crabs ...
Pink ghost crab Ocypode ryderi

Pink Ghost Crab

A pink ghost crab (Ocypode ryderi), rescued from a nearby swimming pool and returned to the beach, puts on his best threatening behavior to try and scare me away. The so called ghost crabs are nocturnal sca...
diving usa

Freshwater Mussels in Wyman Lake

A large quantity of freshwater mussels in Maine's Wyman Lake. These filter-feeders provide a vital service to the lake by removing suspended particles such as algae, bacteria and detritus from the water col...

A Feeding Snail

A snail feeds by scraping algae along a rock in Maine's Wyman Lake. Snails are a member of the phylum Mollusca, which also includes freshwater mussles and clams. They're identified by their hard calcium car...
natal lightfoot crab (Grapsus grapsus tenulcrustatus)

Natal Lightfoot Crab Facts and Photographs

A Natal Lightfoot crab (Grapsus grapsus tenulcrustatus) shines in the night from the light of my flash, freshly emerged onto the rocks from a dousing wave. The Natal Lightfoot crab inhabits the intertida...
Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Preparing to Chow Down

A camel shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis), also known as a dancing shrimp, prepares to chow down on a flatworm in Dar es Salaam. Shrimp eat whatever they can find on the reef; worms, fish, shellfish, mud ...
Flat-Bodied Crab (Percnon Planissimum)

The Flat-Bodied Crab

A flat-bodied crab (Percnon planissimum) wedged in a coral reef during a night dive in Dar es Salaam. A common crab to see scuttling secretively around boulders in pools and in shallow water. Photo was s...
Hermit Crab

Giant Hermit Crab

A furry, giant red hermit crab, known as the white-spotted hermit crab or spotted hermit crab (Dardanus megistos), photographed on a coral reef during a night dive in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. These crabs ar...
Sculptured Slipper Lobster

Sculptured Slipper Lobster

A sculptured slipper lobster (Parribacus antarcticus), photographed while night diving in Dar es Salaam. With the somewhat flattened appearance and horseshoe-shaped carapace (hard shell of the exoskeleton t...
Scuba Diving

Lobsters Crawling About

Avideo of ornate spiny lobsters (Panulirus ornatus) during a night dive at Remora in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Several were crawling about the reef, coming right up to the camera on several occasions. Footage...
Lobster

Lobsters

Lobsters are ten-legged crustaceans closely related to shrimp and crabs. They are benthic, or bottom-dwelling, and are found in all of the world's ocean, as well as brackish environments and freshwater. They ha...