Crustaceans & Shellfish

Blunt Slipper Lobster (Scyllarides squammosus)

Blunt Slipper Lobster- Facts and Photographs

The Blunt Slipper Lobster (Scyllarides squammosus)  is an unusual looking clawless lobster.  They are usually only active at night and during the day they are almost never seen, being adept at hiding themse...
Smooth Box Crab (Calappa calappa) is also known as the Giant Box Crab

Smooth Box Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Smooth Box Crab (Calappa calappa) is also known as the Giant Box Crab. Because of their variable colouration they are sometimes also called the Red Spotted Box Crab. They are not often seen due to th...
Smiths Swimming Crab (Charybdis smithii)

Smith’s Swimming Crab- Facts and Photographs

Smith's Swimming Crab (Charybdis smithii) is a very interesting swimming crab that exhibits swarming behavior.  They were first found in False Bay near Capetown in South Africa in 1838 when a large swarm wa...
Rusty Guard Crab (Trapezia-bidentata) is also known as the Two Tooth Guard Crab

Rusty Guard Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Rusty Guard Crab (Trapezia bidentata) is also known as the Two Tooth Guard Crab. They  spend their entire adult lives living between the branches of corals of the Pocillopora and Acropora families.  The...

Decorator Crab- Facts and Photographs

Decorator crabs belong to the superfamily Majoidea and there are many different species that decorate themselves. They obtain their name from their habit of decorating their bodies with various plants and a...
map cowry Leporicypraea mappa

The Map Cowrie-Facts and Photographs

The Map cowrie (Leporicypraea mappa) is one of the larger species of cowrie found in Tanzania. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are nocturnal and far more reclusive than the other large...
Red Spotted Guard Crab, (Trapezia rufopunctata) is also known as the Rust Spotted Guard Crab

Rust Spotted Guard Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Rust Spotted Guard Crab, (Trapezia rufopunctata) is also known as the Red Spotted Guard Crab in some areas. They  spend their entire lives living between the branches of corals of the Pocillopora and Ac...
Red helmet shell Cypraecassis rufa is also known as the Bullmouth shell and as the Cameo shell

Red Helmet Shell – Facts and Photographs

The Red helmet shell Cypraecassis rufa is also known as the Bullmouth shell and as the Cameo shell. Large specimens such as those in these images are now very rare due to their collection for sale to the ca...
Harlequin Shrimp (Hymenocera elegans)

Harlequin Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Harlequin shrimp (Hymenocera picta) is one of the more colourful and ornate shrimps around. Their ornate specialised mouth parts and sensory organs elicit a second look, along with leaving one wondering...
Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus )

Marbled Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus ) is also known as the Saron Shrimp, Eyespot Shrimp or Carid Shrimp. They are rather ungainly looking shrimp with a fairly long rostrum. Their hairy looking  backs and ...
Textile cone Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone

Stinging Sea Creatures-Textile Cone Shell

,   The Textile cone shell Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone shell. As with all the cone shells, they are carnivorous and predatory, preying on other mollusks.  In order to quickl...
Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculosus

Porcelain Anemone Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus is also known as the Spotted porcelain crab. They are decapod crustaceans in the Porcellanidae family. Although they resemble true crabs they are actual...
ornate spiny lobster Panulirus ornatus

Ornate Spiny Lobster – Facts and Photographs

,be The Ornate spiny lobster, Panulirus ornatus is also known as the Tropical rock lobster and the Ornate tropical rock lobster . They are among the largest of the Panuliris lobsters and are greatly favored ...
Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from the fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance t...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
Cryptic Sponge crab Cryptodromiopsis spongiosa

Sponge Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Sponge crab Lauridromia dehaani is not often seen due to their nocturnal habits. During the day they hide in crevices or holes and are usually only seen at night.  As their name implies they decorate th...
Umbilical Egg Cowrie (Calpurnus verrucosus)

Umbilical Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Umbilical Egg Cowrie, (Calpurnus verrucosus) also known as the Verruca Cowrie or  Little Egg Cowrie is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Te...
Ovula ovum, common name the common egg cowrie

Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Egg cowrie, (Ovula ovum) is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Technically they are not cowries per se but because of their similarity to co...
banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp.

Banded Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp. They are shrimp-like decapod crustaceans belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Their bright red and white coloratio...
tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) 

The Tiger Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) is one of the larger species of cowrie. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are an extremely attractive sight as they move across the reef. They are noctu...