Invertebrates

Durban Dancing Shrimp - Rhynchocinetes durbanensis

Durban Dancing Shrimp- Facts and Photographs

The Durban Dancing Shrimp (Rhynchocinetes durbanensis) is also known as the camel shrimp, camelback shrimp, candy shrimp and the hingebeak prawn.  They obtain their name from the sideways movement that they...
bigfin reef squid or oval squid Sepioteuthis lessoniana

Bigfin Reef Squid- Facts Photographs and Video

The Bigfin reef squid, (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) is also known as the Oval squid. They obtain their name from the fin which almost completely circles their body.  This gives them a superficial resemblance t...
anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus

Anemone Hermit Crab- Facts and Photographs

  The Anemone hermit crab, Dardanus pedunculatus has a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with the anemone Calliactis polypus. The anemones are collected by the crab and placed on its shell. The Ane...
Cryptic Sponge crab Cryptodromiopsis spongiosa

Sponge Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Sponge crab Lauridromia dehaani is not often seen due to their nocturnal habits. During the day they hide in crevices or holes and are usually only seen at night.  As their name implies they decorate th...
Umbilical Egg Cowrie (Calpurnus verrucosus)

Umbilical Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Umbilical Egg Cowrie, (Calpurnus verrucosus) also known as the Verruca Cowrie or  Little Egg Cowrie is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Te...
sea dragon pteraeolidia ianthina

Sea Dragon – Facts and Photographs

The Sea Dragon Pteraeolidia ianthina or Blue Dragon as it is known in Australia  is a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk. They are in the superfamily Aeolidioidea and are known as aeolids. APPEAR...
spotted jelly, lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish (Mastigias papua)

Spotted Jellyfish – Facts and Photographs

The Spotted Jelly, Mastigias papua is also known as the lagoon jelly, golden medusa, or Papuan jellyfish. They are closely related to the famous jellies found in the lakes in Palau. The jellies in the lakes...
Ovula ovum, common name the common egg cowrie

Egg Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The Egg cowrie, (Ovula ovum) is a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, known as the false cowries or allied cowries. Technically they are not cowries per se but because of their similarity to co...
banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp.

Banded Coral Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The banded coral shrimp (Tenopus hispidus) is also known as the banded cleaner shrimp. They are shrimp-like decapod crustaceans belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea. Their bright red and white coloratio...
tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) 

The Tiger Cowrie – Facts and Photographs

The tiger cowrie (Cypraea tigris) is one of the larger species of cowrie. They are marine snails in the family Cypraeidae. They are an extremely attractive sight as they move across the reef. They are noctu...
smiths xanthid Eriphia smithiii

Smiths Xanthid – Facts and Photographs

Smith's xanthid Eriphia smithii is a commonly found crab on the East coast of Africa. Because of their large nippers and red colouration they are easily recognisable. APPEARANCE Smith's xanthid  grow to a...
Jellyfish or Sea Jellies Upside down jelly Cassiopea andromeda

Jellyfish or Sea Jellies which is correct ?

Despite the name, jellyfish are not fish and the term is not scientifically appropriate, many scientists are beginning to refer to them as jellies or sea jellies in a similar fashion to the name change occurr...
Bluebottle Portuguese man of war bloublasie sting

Bluebottles – Stings and All You Need to Know

The bluebottle, (Indo-Pacific) Portuguese man of war, bloublasie and sometimes mistakenly called the bluebottle jellyfish, gets its names from its float. The float resembles a bottle or an old Portuguese ma...
Slipper coral Herpolitha limax

Slipper Coral – Facts and Photographs

Slipper coral (Herpolitha limax) also known as boomerang or tongue coral. Theyare a large polyp stony type of mushroom coral in its own genus Herpolitha. As with the other species of mushroom corals, slippe...
Mole Crabs- Sea Lice-Genus Emerita

Mole Crabs – Facts and Photographs

Mole crabs of the genus Emerentia, also known as sea lice, sand fleas or sand crabs, are small crabs that are seldom seen, except perhaps when their shells are washed up on a beach. APPEARANCE Mole crabs ...
magnificent sea anemone, Heteractis magnifica

Magnificent Anemone – Facts and Photographs

The magnificent sea anemone, Heteractis magnifica is also known as the Ritteri anemone. Previously they were known as Radianthus ritteri but they have now been reclassified. APPEARANCE The magnificent sea...