Facts

Tailspot Squirrelfish - Sargocentron caudimaculatum

Tailspot Squirrelfish-Facts and Photographs

The tailspot squirrelfish Sargocentron caudimaculatum, is also known as the whitetail squirrelfish or silverspot squirrelfish. They are members of the sub family Holocentridae,  which are known as squirrelf...
crowned squirrelfish Sargocentron diadema

Crowned Squirrelfish – Facts and Photographs

The crowned squirrelfish Sargocentron diadema is a member of the sub family Holocentridae. Members of the sub family are known as squirrelfish and they are typically red and silver or white. On the gill cov...
oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus

Oriental Sweetlips – Facts and Photographs

The oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus, also known as the Indian Ocean oriental sweetlips , is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker f...
pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello)

Pickhandle Barracuda – Facts and Photographs

The pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello) , is also known as the Jello Barracuda, Banded Barracuda, Yellowtail Barracuda and Sea Pike. Barracuda are known as the tigers of the sea and are voracious predato...
Aglaophenia cupressina stinging hydroid fire weed

Stinging Sea Creatures-Fireweed

It may look like a plant, but Aglaophenia cupressina is actually a stinging hydroid. Commonly known as feather fireweed, fire hydroid, stinging seaweed or simply fireweed. Brush against it and you might not...
speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus

Speckled Shrimpfish – Facts and Photographs

The speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus , also known as the  razorfish is related to the seahorses and pipefishes. They have a distinctive way of swimming with their heads in a downwards position. De...
False eye toby Canthigaster solandri

False Eye Toby – Facts and Photographs

The False eye toby, Canthigaster solandri is also known as the ocellated toby, blue spotted toby, jewel pufferfish, solanders toby  and spotted sharpnose puffer. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose...
Shoal of Glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus on Mafia island tanzania

Glowfish – Facts and Photographs

The glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus is also known as the  goldspot seabream or striped large eye bream. Glowfish are a species of emperor fish and get their name from the conspicuous yellow blotch just ...
Jellyfish or Sea Jellies Upside down jelly Cassiopea andromeda

Jellyfish or Sea Jellies which is correct ?

Despite the name, jellyfish are not fish and the term is not scientifically appropriate, many scientists are beginning to refer to them as jellies or sea jellies in a similar fashion to the name change occu...
blue striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira on Mafia Island Tanzania

Blue Lined Snapper – Facts and Photographs

The blue lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira is also known as the bluestriped sea perch and blue lined snapper, they are attractive fish which often shoal in large numbers. When seen over a reef, a shoal of thes...
Red Barred Rock Cod Epinephelus fasciatus

Red Barred Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The red barred rock cod Epinephelus fasciatus is also known as the black tipped rock cod, red barred grouper, red banded grouper and the football grouper. APPEARANCE The red barred rock cod has a fairly t...
Longfin Bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus on Kankadya reef Tanzania

Longfin Bannerfish – Facts and Photographs

The long fin bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus, is also known as the coachman or pennant bannerfish and is sometimes called the poor man's moorish idol by aquarists as they are more affordable. They are close...
Bluebottle Portuguese man of war bloublasie sting

Bluebottles – Stings and All You Need to Know

The bluebottle, (Indo-Pacific) Portuguese man of war, bloublasie and sometimes mistakenly called the bluebottle jellyfish, gets its names from its float. The float resembles a bottle or an old Portuguese ma...
Slipper coral Herpolitha limax

Slipper Coral – Facts and Photographs

Slipper coral (Herpolitha limax) also known as boomerang or tongue coral. Theyare a large polyp stony type of mushroom coral in its own genus Herpolitha. As with the other species of mushroom corals, slippe...
coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper

Coral Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper. APPEARANCE The coral rock cod has a typical grouper sha...
A humpnose bigeye bream, Monotaxis Grandoculis in Mafia Island Marine Park

Humpnose Big Eye Bream- Facts and Photographs

The humpnose big eye bream, Monotaxis grandoculis, also known as a big eye sea bream, large eyed bream and big eye bream, is a species of emperor. As adults they often form large shoals that hang motionless...
Mole Crabs- Sea Lice-Genus Emerita

Mole Crabs – Facts and Photographs

Mole crabs of the genus Emerentia, also known as sea lice, sand fleas or sand crabs, are small crabs that are seldom seen, except perhaps when their shells are washed up on a beach. APPEARANCE Mole crabs ...

Diving on Mafia Island, Tanzania

Whale shark off Mafia Island  PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Mafia Island is situated  25 km from mainland Tanzania and is approximately 130 kilometers south east of Dar es Salaam. The island is 48 kilometer...