Vertebrates

blacksaddle filefish, Paraluteres prionurus, is also known as the mimic

Blacksaddle Filefish – Facts and Photographs

The Blacksaddle filefish, Paraluteres prionurus, is also known as the Mimic filefish or Blacksaddle leatherjacket. Their coloration and shape mimics the poisonous Blacksaddle toby Canthigaster valentini. ...
Foursaddle grouper, Epinephelus spilotoceps

Four Saddle Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Four saddle grouper, Epinephelus spilotoceps obtains its name from the four saddles on the dorsal and caudal area. They are not commonly seen in Tanzania and to date we have only seen three specimens. ...
Aluterus scriptus, commonly known as scrawled filefish, broomtail filefish or scribbled leatherjacket,

Scrawled Filefish – Facts and Photographs

consequently The Scrawled File Fish (Aluterus scriptus) is also known as the broomtail filefish or scribbled leatherjacket. They are unusual looking fishes and are capable of rapid color changes to blend...
Bicolour toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish

Bicolor Toby – Facts and Photographs

  The Bicolor toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose members are called sharp-nosed puffers or tobies and who are much smalle...
map puffer , Arothron mappa

Map Pufferfish – Facts and Photographs

The the map pufferfish  or scribbled puffer, Arothron mappa are not commonly seen on the reefs in East Africa.  They obtain their name from the patterns on the body.  As with many other puffers, they have a...
Arothron meleagris, guineafowl pufferfish or golden pufferfish

Guineafowl Pufferfish – Facts and Photographs

The the guineafowl puffer or golden puffer, Arothron meleagris are a fairly common sight on the reefs in East Africa. They obtain their name from the coloration which resembles that of a Guineafowl.  As wit...
Swallowtail hawkfish, Cyprinocirrhites polyactis

Swallowtail Hawkfish-Facts-Photographs

The Swallowtail hawkfish, Cyprinocirrhites polyactis, is also known as the Lyretail or Soaring Hawkfish. They differ from other hawkfish in that they are often found in shoals. Sometimes when they are juven...
spotted hawkfish, Cirrhitichthys aprinus

Spotted Hawkfish-Facts-Photographs

The Spotted Hawkfish Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus, as with other hawkfish has a habit of sitting in strategic raised spots on the reef, with its head sticking out. From there they view their territory and pou...
trumpetfish (Aulostomus chinensis)

Trumpetfish-Facts and Photographs

The Chinese trumpetfish (Aulostomus chinensis)  gets its name from its resemblance to a trumpet. They are strange looking fish that often swim vertically to blend in with their surroundings. They are relate...
Tailspot Squirrelfish - Sargocentron caudimaculatum

Tailspot Squirrelfish-Facts and Photographs

The tailspot squirrelfish Sargocentron caudimaculatum, is also known as the whitetail squirrelfish or silverspot squirrelfish. They are members of the sub family Holocentridae,  which are known as squirrelf...
crowned squirrelfish Sargocentron diadema

Crowned Squirrelfish – Facts and Photographs

The crowned squirrelfish Sargocentron diadema is a member of the sub family Holocentridae. Members of the sub family are known as squirrelfish and they are typically red and silver or white. On the gill cov...
speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus

Speckled Shrimpfish – Facts and Photographs

The speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus , also known as the  razorfish is related to the seahorses and pipefishes. They have a distinctive way of swimming with their heads in a downwards position. De...
False eye toby Canthigaster solandri

False Eye Toby – Facts and Photographs

The false eye toby, Canthigaster solandri is also known as the ocellated toby, blue spotted toby, jewel pufferfish, solanders toby  and spotted sharpnose puffer. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose...
Shoal of Glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus on Mafia island tanzania

Glowfish – Facts and Photographs

The glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus is also known as the  goldspot seabream or striped large eye bream. Glowfish are a species of emperor and get their name from the conspicuous yellow blotch just behin...
blue striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira on Mafia Island Tanzania

Blue Lined Snapper – Facts and Photographs

The blue lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira is also known as the bluestriped sea perch and blue lined snapper, they are attractive fish which often shoal in large numbers. When seen over a reef, a shoal of thes...
Red Barred Rock Cod Epinephelus fasciatus

Red Barred Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The red barred rock cod Epinephelus fasciatus is also known as the black tipped rock cod, red barred grouper, red banded grouper and the football grouper. APPEARANCE The red barred rock cod has a fairly t...
Longfin Bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus on Kankadya reef Tanzania

Longfin Bannerfish – Facts and Photographs

The long fin bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus, is also known as the coachman or pennant bannerfish and is sometimes called the poor man's moorish idol by aquarists as they are more affordable. They are close...
coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper

Coral Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper. APPEARANCE The coral rock cod has a typical grouper sha...
A humpnose bigeye bream, Monotaxis Grandoculis in Mafia Island Marine Park

Humpnose Big Eye Bream- Facts and Photographs

The humpnose big eye bream, Monotaxis grandoculis, also known as a big eye sea bream, large eyed bream and big eye bream, is a species of emperor. As adults they often form large shoals that hang motionless...

Diving on Mafia Island, Tanzania

Whale shark off Mafia Island  PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Mafia Island is situated  25 km from mainland Tanzania and is approximately 130 kilometers south east of Dar es Salaam. The island is 48 kilometer...