Fish

bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus

Bluefin Trevally – Facts and Photographs

The bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus is also known as the bluefin jack, blue finned crevalle, omilu, blue ulua and in South Africa as the bluefin king fish. APPEARANCE The species is easily distinguish...
Scuba Diving Tanzania

A Shoal of Glassies

A shoal of semi transparent glassies congregate around a coral outcrop, banding together for protection. Shoaling makes it difficult for predators to focus on a single fish, another one of natures tricks to...
Scuba Diving Tanzania

Fire Goby Poses for a Picture

A fire goby or fire dartfish, (Nemateleotris magnifica) displays its vibrant colors and fully erect dorsal fin for the photographer. Adult fire gobies are generally found on sandy patches alongside coral re...
Scuba Diving Tanzania

Camouflaged Crocodilefish

A crocodilefish (Papilloculiceps longiceps), also known as the tentacled flathead, lies across soft corals, waiting for prey to swim past. These fish are extremely well camouflaged...
Scuba Diving Tanzania

Giant Moray in Hiding

A giant moray eel, Gymnothorax javanicus, stares out from his cave in the coral reef off the coast of Dar es Salaam. These eels grow up to up to three meters, the head...

A Pair of Redband Lizardfish

A pair of redband lizardfish (Synodus variegatis) rest on the coral, ready to seize any passing morsel that will fit into their mouth....
Scuba Diving Tanzania

Puffer Hiding Out in a Sponge

A short spined pufferfish, or blow fish as they are sometimes called, rests inside an unusually shaped sponge, hidden from predators. These fish often wedge themselves into crevices, and if threatened they'...
shad, Pomatomus saltatrix

The Shad

A shad, Pomatomus saltatrix, peers curiously at the photographer, probably with food on its mind in some way or the other. The shad is known as an "elf" in South Africa, "tailor" in Australia and "bluefish"...

The Eye of a Batfish-

A longfin batfish, Platax teira peers at the photographer. Because of the effect of water on light, it has fixed pupils that do not adjust to changes in the intensity of light. Compared to terrestrial an...
marine biology

Rough Triggerfish – Facts and Photographs

Rough triggerfish, also known as spotted oceanic triggerfish (Canthidermis maculata)  spend their lives away from the coast, living in floating flotsam and wreckage. Given that triggerfish normally use thei...
scuba diving freediving

It’s Dory in Finding Nemo

Paracanthus hepatus, perhaps better known to many millions of people as Dory in the Disney Pixar films Finding Nemo and its sequel Finding Dory, is also known as a regal tang, a blue tang, palette surgeon f...
scuba diving freediving

Shades of a Longfin Batfish

A Longfin batfish, Platax teira, glides through the water, the obliterate vertical dark line across its eye and black pupil disguises the eye's locations. Additionally the coloring provides camouflage in wa...
scuba diving freediving

A Colorful Ambush Predator

The popeyed scorpionfish, Rhinopias frondosa, is a colorful ambush predator which hides in plain sight, sometimes being surprisingly difficult to distinguish from a piece of coral or plant life. The species...
large mouth bass

Large Mouth Bass at the Cessna

A largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) alongside the Cessna Airplane in Dutch Springs lake. Largemouth bass is a freshwater gamefish in the sunfish family, and is the largest of the black basses. It reac...
freshwater fish

A Camouflaged Yellow Perch

A juvenile fish, appearing to be a yellow perch (Perca flavenscens), meets me face-to-face, in the shallows of Wyman Lake, staring curiously while camouflaged with the mossy, stone background. Young perch f...
diving tanzania

White-Spotted Puffer

A white-spotted puffer (Arothron hispidus). Photographed on a shallow coral reef off the coast of Mbudya Island in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. This ornate pufferfish can reach up to 50 cm (19.6") in length....
diving africa

Sohal Surgeonfish

A sohal surgeonfish (Acanthurus sohal) photographed in the Red Sea, in a seaward edge of a reef off the coast of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. Sohal surgeonfish are a common species and feed on various kinds of a...

Flat Needlefish

A flat needlefish (Ablennes hians) swims near the surface of the Red Sea. Considered a gamefish, flat needlefish are frequently caught with the help of artificial lights, but are not often eaten because of ...
black saddled toby (Canthigaster Valentini)

A Vibrant Black Saddled Toby

A beautifully patterned and vibrantly colored black saddled toby, scientifically known as the Canthigaster Valentini. This fish is widely distributed throughout the tropical and...

Seychelles Butterflyfish

A seychelles butterflyfish (Chaetodon madagaskariensis) on a coral reef off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Seychelles butterflyfish are found in the Indian Ocean from eastern Africa to Cocos-Keeling ...

A Fish Out of Water

One evening, while in search of nudibranchs to photograph at the rock pools in Ballito, South Africa, this dussumiers rockskipper (Istiblennius dussumieri), crawled out of...

Grumpy Moray Eel

A grumpy moray eel attempts to warn off potential predators by showing off his sharp pearly whites and his large gaping mouth. Photographed while scuba...

The Passenger

I was making a sunset dive with the intention of photographing mandarinfish mating when I spotted this beautiful solar powered nudibranch. I was already busy photographing...
Clearfin Lionfish (Pterois radiata)

Clearfin Lionfish

A clearfin lionfish (Pterois radiata), also known as the tailbar lionfish, radiata lionfish or radial firefish perches on a coral rock off the coast of Dar es Salaam. This is the only lionfish species which has...
zebra lionfish

Zebra Lionfish in Dar es Salaam

A zebra lionfish (Dendrochirus zebra), also known as a dwarf lionfish, rests on a barrel sponge (Xestospongia testudinaria) off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Lionfish have venomous spines that can b...
moorish idol

Lateral Line of a Moorish Idol

Look closely at this photograph of a moorish idol (Zanclus cornutus) and you will see the lateral line running along the moorish idol's body in the the center...