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Underwater Guides & Observations From Across The Globe

Foursaddle grouper, Epinephelus spilotoceps

Four Saddle Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Four saddle grouper, Epinephelus spilotoceps obtains its name from the four saddles on the dorsal and caudal area. They are not commonly seen in Tanzania and to date we have only seen three specimens. ...
Day octopus, Octopus cyanea . 

Day Octopus – Facts Photographs and Video

The Day octopus, Octopus cyanea is also known as Cyane's octopus, the Big Red octopus, White-spotted octopus or the Grass octopus. As its name suggests is diurnal and unusually for an octopus hunts during t...
Bicolour toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish

Bicolor Toby – Facts and Photographs

  The Bicolor toby, Canthigaster smithae is also known as the Smiths Pufferfish. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose members are called sharp-nosed puffers or tobies and who are much smalle...
Scuba diving Tanzania East Africa Mafia Island

The Dive Sites of Mainland Tanzania

Tanzania has a fairly long undeveloped coastline 1424 km long, with many undiscovered diving spots that are undoubtedly going to develop in the future. The three main large islands of Pemba, Ungudja ( known...
Underwater city on low tide

Underwater City off Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY HANNAH JANE AND ALAN SUTTON While on a helicopter flight off the usual flight path to Mafia Island off the coast of Tanzania, the tide was low and I spotted an unusually shaped formation in t...
Moray eel Bongoyo Patch Da es Salaam Diving Tanzania
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Bongoyo Patches – Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON  Bongoyo Patches Bongoyo patches is to the east of Bongoyo Island north of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. The reef extends out in patches. It is relatively flat dropping off on t...
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Nudi City – Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Nudi city is a scuba dive site in the channel between Mafia Island and Chole Island.  The name nudi city is a reference to the unusually large number of nudibranchs in the area...
False eye toby Canthigaster solandri

False Eye Toby – Facts and Photographs

The false eye toby, Canthigaster solandri is also known as the ocellated toby, blue spotted toby, jewel pufferfish, solanders toby  and spotted sharpnose puffer. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, whose...
Shoal of Glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus on Mafia island tanzania

Glowfish – Facts and Photographs

The glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus is also known as the  goldspot seabream or striped large eye bream. Glowfish are a species of emperor and get their name from the conspicuous yellow blotch just behin...
blue striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira on Mafia Island Tanzania

Blue Lined Snapper – Facts and Photographs

The blue lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira is also known as the bluestriped sea perch and blue lined snapper, they are attractive fish which often shoal in large numbers. When seen over a reef, a shoal of thes...
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Powoni – Zanzibar, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Zanzibar has great diving and is world famous for its pristine clear waters. There are numerous dive sites on the island and one of the lesser known gems of Zanzibar is Paje. P...
Red Barred Rock Cod Epinephelus fasciatus

Red Barred Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The red barred rock cod Epinephelus fasciatus is also known as the black tipped rock cod, red barred grouper, red banded grouper and the football grouper. APPEARANCE The red barred rock cod has a fairly t...
Longfin Bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus on Kankadya reef Tanzania

Longfin Bannerfish – Facts and Photographs

The long fin bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus, is also known as the coachman or pennant bannerfish and is sometimes called the poor man's moorish idol by aquarists as they are more affordable. They are close...
coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper

Coral Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper. APPEARANCE The coral rock cod has a typical grouper sha...
A humpnose bigeye bream, Monotaxis Grandoculis in Mafia Island Marine Park

Humpnose Big Eye Bream- Facts and Photographs

The humpnose big eye bream, Monotaxis grandoculis, also known as a big eye sea bream, large eyed bream and big eye bream, is a species of emperor. As adults they often form large shoals that hang motionless...
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Moto Shipwreck – Bongoyo Island

Dar es Salaam has some has some fun snorkeling and free-diving day trips, one of the most popular is Bongoyo Island, to see the Moto Shipwreck. The island and wreck is easily accessed...
Kankadya patches Dar es Salaam Diving Tanzania
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Kankadya Patches – Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Kankadya Patches Kankadya Patches is named after Ras Kankadya the headland that forms the southern part of Msasani bay and lies 4.2 kilometers to the east of the northern t...

Diving on Mafia Island, Tanzania

Whale shark off Mafia Island  PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Mafia Island is situated  25 km from mainland Tanzania and is approximately 130 kilometers south east of Dar es Salaam. The island is 48 kilometer...
magnificent sea anemone, Heteractis magnifica

Magnificent Anemone – Facts and Photographs

The magnificent sea anemone, Heteractis magnifica is also known as the Ritteri anemone. Previously they were known as Radianthus ritteri but they have now been reclassified. APPEARANCE The magnificent sea...
bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus

Bluefin Trevally – Facts and Photographs

The bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus is also known as the bluefin jack, blue finned crevalle, omilu, blue ulua and in South Africa as the bluefin king fish. APPEARANCE The species is easily distinguish...
scuba diving mafia island Tanzania East Africa
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Kinasi Pass – Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Kinasi Pass is an entrance channel into Chole Bay, just south of Jena Island. It is best dived on an incoming tide and the currents make for an interesting ride into Chole Bay....
Mafia island Mikindini Reef scuba diving
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Mikadini Reef Middle – Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Situated on the the south eastern side of Jena Island, Mikadini reef is best dived on an incoming tide which drifts one slowly over the reef. The reef is composed of a large nu...
scuba diving mafia island Tanzania east africa
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Mikadini Reef Outer – Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Situated on the the south eastern side of Jena Island, Mikadini reef is best dived on an incoming tide which drifts one slowly over the reef. The reef is composed of a large nu...
scuba diving mafia island Tanzania East Africa
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Dindini Caves – Mafia Island, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON To the north of Dindini wall is an area of similar underwater topography , a shelf comes out from the coral cliffs at around eight meters and then drops off to a sandy bottom s...
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Laura’s Garden – Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

PHOTOGRAPHY COURTESY OF ERIC BEAUME To the southeast of Mbudya Island (located north of Dar es Salaam) lies Octopus Reef, which is approximately 1,000 meters in length and 250 meters in width. Laura's Ga...