Odd Shaped Bottom Dwellers

Celebes flathead (Thysanophrys celebica)

Celebes Flathead- Facts and Photographs

The Celebes flathead (Thysanophrys celebica) is also known as the Quarterspined Flathead , the Manado Flathead and the Sulawesi Flathead. They were were first described by Bleeker in 1855.  The are fairly c...
Longsnout flathead (Thysanophrys chiltonae)

Longsnout Flathead- Facts and Photographs

The Longsnout flathead (Thysanophrys chiltonae) was first described by Schultz in 1966 and they are probably the most common of the smaller flatheads in Tanzanian waters.  The specimens in the images were i...
Red Sea flathead (Thysanophrys springeri)

Red Sea Flathead- Facts and Photographs

The Red Sea Flathead (Thysanophrys springeri) was only described by Knapp in 2013. They were named after Victor G. Springer, who collected the holotype off Massawa, Eritrea. They are fairly common in the sh...
Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish(Dendrochirus brachypterus) is also called the Shortfin Lionfish, the shortfin turkeyfish and the Dwarf Lionfish

Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish-Facts and Photographs

The Fuzzy Dwarf Lionfish (Dendrochirus brachypterus) is also called the Shortfin Lionfish, the shortfin turkeyfish and the Dwarf Lionfish. As the name dwarf implies, they are one of the smaller Lionfish. Th...
Red Sea Walkman (Inimicus Filamentosus) Red Sea Walker (Inimicus filamentosus) is also known as the Filamented devilfish, Two-stick Stingfish, Sea Goblin and Demon Stinger.

Red Sea Walkman-Facts and Photographs

The Red Sea Walkman (Inimicus Filamentosus)  is also known as the Filamented devilfish, Two-stick Stingfish, Sea Goblin and Demon Stinger. They are in the same family, Synanceiidae as the Stonefish  and ...
Zebra Lionfish Dendrochirus zebra or Dwarf Lionfish

Zebra Lionfish-Facts and Photographs

The Zebra Lionfish (Dendrochirus zebra) or Dwarf Lionfish is also known as the Zebra Turkeyfish. They are not commonly seen on the East African coast and are fairly rare in the area. With their fins spread ...
Stonefish (Synanceia verrucosa) is also known as the Reef Stonefish

Stonefish-Facts and Photographs

The Stonefish (Synanceia verrucosa) is also known as the Reef Stonefish. As their name implies they resemble a stone or part of the reef and their camouflage is excellent. They are extremely difficult to pi...
Golden Scorpionfish (Parascorpaena aurita)

Golden Scorpionfish-Facts Photographs

  The Golden Scorpionfish (Parascorpaena aurita)is one of the smaller less well known scorpionfish. They are rare in Tanzanian waters and only a few specimens have been sighted and photographed. A...
he Common Lionfish, Indian Lionfish or Devil Firefish (Pterois miles)

Common Lionfish-Facts and Photographs

The Common Lionfish, Indian Lionfish or Devil Firefish (Pterois miles) is only found in the Western Indian ocean. They are often understandably confused with Pterois Volitans which is also called the Common...
clearfin lionfish, tailbar lionfish, radiata lionfish, fireworks fish, or radial firefish (Pterois radiata)

Clearfin Lionfish-Facts Photographs

The Clearfin lionfish (Pterois radiata) is also known as the Radial   lionfish or Tailbar Lionfish. They are a fairly reclusive fish and are not commonly seen out during the day.  One can often see their di...
Spotfin lionfish, Antennata lionfish or broadbarred firefish, Pterois antennata

Spotfin Lionfish-Facts and Photographs

The Spotfin Lionfish (Pterois antennata) is often confused with the Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae) The easiest way to distinguish the two is on the eye. The Spotfin Lionfish has a bar through the eye t...
Devil Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis diabolus) is also known as the False Stonefish

Devil Scorpionfish-Facts Photographs

The he Devil Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis diabolus) is also known as the False Stonefish. They are extremely well camouflaged and as can be seen in the image below are hard to spot.  As with all members of t...
Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae)

Mombasa Lionfish-Facts and Photographs

The Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae) is frequently misidentified by many people and there are many sites on the web that have information on the Mombasa Lionfish and an image of the Spotfin Lionfish (Pte...
Twinspot Lionfish Dendrochirus biocellatus, also known as the twospot turkeyfish or ocellated lionfish

Twinspot Lionfish-Facts Photographs

The Twinspot Lionfish, Dendrochirus biocellatus,  is also known as the as the Ocellated lionfish, Twinspot Lionfish, Twospot turkeyfish and the Fu Manchu lionfish.  As with all members of the scorpionfish f...
Weedy scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is also known as the Lacy Scorpionfish

Weedy Scorpionfish- Facts and Photographs

The Weedy Scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is an extremely unusual looking fish. They are often confused with the Paddle-flap Scorpionfish Rhinopias eschmeyeri which are similar in looks but are not as ornat...
Raggy Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis venosa) is also known as the Yellow-nose Scorpionfish

Raggy Scorpionfish-Facts Photographs

The Raggy Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis venosa) is also known as the Yellow-nose Scorpionfish.  As with all Scorpionfish, they are ambush predators which rely on very colorful camouflage. In deeper waters whe...
Paddle-flap scorpionfish or Eschmeyer's scorpionfish Rhinopias eschmeyeri

Paddle-flap Scorpionfish- Facts and Photographs

The Paddle-flap scorpionfish, Popeyed Scorpionfish or Eschmeyer's scorpionfish, Rhinopias eschmeyeri is a very unusual looking fish. They have a very distinctive set of paddles or flaps above the eyes from ...
Antennarius commerson Giant frogfish , Commerson's Frogfish

Giant Frogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Giant frogfish or Commerson's frogfish, Antennarius commerson is one of the more unusual fishes found on coral reefs. They are exceptionally well camouflaged and can resemble a sponge, coral or a rock. ...
Mozambique scorpionfish Parascorpaena Mossambica

Mozambique Scorpionfish- Facts and Photographs

The Mozambique scorpionfish Parascorpaena Mossambica is one of the smaller scorpionfish. They have a very distinctive set of elongated cirri above the eyes that resemble antlers. As with all the scorpionfis...
Scuba Diving Tanzania

Camouflaged Crocodilefish

A crocodilefish (Papilloculiceps longiceps), also known as the tentacled flathead, lies across soft corals, waiting for prey to swim past. These fish are extremely well camouflaged...
scuba diving freediving

A Colorful Ambush Predator

The popeyed scorpionfish, Rhinopias frondosa, is a colorful ambush predator which hides in plain sight, sometimes being surprisingly difficult to distinguish from a piece of coral or plant life. The species...
Clearfin Lionfish (Pterois radiata)

Clearfin Lionfish

A clearfin lionfish (Pterois radiata), also known as the tailbar lionfish, radiata lionfish or radial firefish perches on a coral rock off the coast of Dar es Salaam. This is the only lionfish species which has...
zebra lionfish

Zebra Lionfish in Dar es Salaam

A zebra lionfish (Dendrochirus zebra), also known as a dwarf lionfish, rests on a barrel sponge (Xestospongia testudinaria) off the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Lionfish have venomous spines that can b...