Fish

giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus)

Giant Moray Eel-Facts and Photographs

The Giant moray (Gymnothorax javanicus) is the largest moray eel in terms of mass. An adult has a formidable set of rear facing teeth to go with its proportionally large mouth. As can be seen in the images,...
Striped Eel Catfish

Striped Eel Catfish-Facts-Photographs and Video

The Striped eel catfish (Plotosus lineatus) also known as the oriental catfish is a species of eel catfish that often congregates in large balls particularly as juveniles. They may look harmless but they ha...
blotcheye soldierfish (Myripristis berndti)

Blotcheye Soldierfish – Facts and Photographs

The Blotcheye soldierfish Myripristis murjan, is also known as the Red soldierfish, Pinecone soldierfish or Crimson soldierfish. They are in the family Holocentridae and sub family Myripristis. Closely rela...
golden trevally Gnathanodon speciosus

Golden Trevally – Facts and Photographs

The Golden trevally (Gnathandon speciosus) is also known as the Golden kingfish, Banded kingfish and in Hawaii it is called the Yellow ulua or Papio. It is a member of the horse mackrel or jack family. They ar...
arabian monocled bream, Scolopsis ghanam is also known as the arabian spine cheek, paleband monocle bream, silverflash spinecheek and the spinecheek arabian threadfin bream

Arabian Monocle Bream – Facts and Photographs

The Arabian Monocled Bream (Scolopsis ghanam) is also known as the Arabian Spine Cheek, Paleband Monocle bream, Silverflash Spinecheek  and the Spinecheek Arabian Threadfin bream. They are common fish on th...
tailspot squirrelfish Sargocentron caudimaculatum, is also known as the whitetail squirrelfish or silverspot squirrelfish

Tailspot Squirrelfish-Facts and Photographs

The Tailspot Squirrelfish Sargocentron caudimaculatum, is also known as the Whitetail Squirrelfish or Silverspot Squirrelfish. They are members of the sub family Holocentridae,  which are known as Squirrelf...
crowned squirrelfish Sargocentron diadema

Crowned Squirrelfish – Facts and Photographs

The Crowned Squirrelfish (Sargocentron diadema) also known as the Crown Squirrelfish is a member of the sub family Holocentridae. Members of the sub family are known as squirrelfish and they are typically r...
oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus

Oriental Sweetlips – Facts and Photographs

The oriental sweetlips Plectorhinchus vittatus, also known as the Indian Ocean oriental sweetlips , is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker f...
pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello)

Pickhandle Barracuda – Facts and Photographs

The pickhandle barracuda (Sphyraena jello) , is also known as the Jello Barracuda, Banded Barracuda, Yellowtail Barracuda and Sea Pike. Barracuda are known as the tigers of the sea and are voracious predato...
speckled shrimpfish, Aeoliscus punctulatus

Speckled Shrimpfish – Facts and Photographs

The Speckled shrimpfish (Aeoliscus punctulatus)  also known as the  Razorfish is related to the Seahorses and Pipefishes. They have a distinctive way of swimming with their heads in a downwards position. De...
False eye toby, Canthigaster solandri is also known as the ocellated toby, blue spotted toby, jewel pufferfish, solanders toby and spotted sharpnose puffer.

False Eye Toby – Facts and Photographs

The False eye toby (Canthigaster solandri) is also known as the Ocellated toby, Blue spotted toby, Jewel pufferfish, Solanders toby  and the Spotted sharpnose puffer. They belong to the genus Canthigaster, ...
Shoal of Glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus on Mafia island tanzania

Glowfish – Facts and Photographs

The Glowfish Gnathodentex aureolineatus is also known as the  goldspot seabream or striped large eye bream. Glowfish are a species of Emperor fish and get their name from the conspicuous yellow blotch just ...
blue striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira on Mafia Island Tanzania

Blue Lined Snapper – Facts and Photographs

The blue lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira is also known as the bluestriped sea perch and blue lined snapper, they are attractive fish which often shoal in large numbers. When seen over a reef in good light a ...
Red Barred Rock Cod Epinephelus fasciatus

Red Barred Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The red barred rock cod Epinephelus fasciatus is also known as the black tipped rock cod, red barred grouper, red banded grouper and the football grouper.  In Tanzania on the mainland coast they were relati...
Longfin Bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus on Kankadya reef Tanzania

Longfin Bannerfish – Facts and Photographs

The Long Fin Bannerfish Heniochus acuminatus, is also known as the Coachman or Pennant bannerfish and is sometimes called the poor man's moorish idol by aquarists as they are more affordable. They are close r...
coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper

Coral Rock Cod – Facts and Photographs

The coral rock cod, Cephalopholis miniata, is also known as the coral hind, miniatus grouper, miniata grouper, vermilion seabass, and coral grouper. They are fairly common fish on the Tanzanian coast and ar...
A humpnose bigeye bream, Monotaxis Grandoculis in Mafia Island Marine Park

Humpnose Big Eye Bream- Facts and Photographs

The humpnose big eye bream, Monotaxis grandoculis, also known as a big eye sea bream, large eyed bream and big eye bream, is a species of emperor. As adults they often form large shoals that hang motionless...

Diving on Mafia Island, Tanzania

Whale shark off Mafia Island  PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALAN SUTTON Mafia Island is situated  25 km from mainland Tanzania and is approximately 130 kilometers south east of Dar es Salaam. The island is 48 kilometers ...
bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus

Bluefin Trevally – Facts and Photographs

The bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus is also known as the bluefin jack, blue finned crevalle, omilu, blue ulua and in South Africa as the bluefin kingfish. APPEARANCE The species is easily distinguisha...