Mozambique Blenny – Facts and Photographs

Mozambique Blenny (Meiacanthus mossambicus) is also known as the Harptail Blenny

The Mozambique Blenny (Meiacanthus mossambicus) is also known as the Harptail Blenny. Blennies in the Meiacanthus Genus have grooved canine teeth with poison sacks that allow them to inject poison into their prey or in defense as is the case with this fish.

They are extremely common in Tanzanian waters. They are also very fast moving and are wary of divers and are difficult to photograph.

Mozambique Blenny (Meiacanthus mossambicus) is also known as the Harptail Blenny

 
APPEARANCE

The Mozambique Blenny has been bred in captivity and the specimens for sale on the web seem to have a very different coloration to those in the wild, being much lighter colored. As with all the fang blennies they have an elongated body with a continuous dorsal fin and an anal fin that runs across one third of the lower body.

The mouth is on the underside of the body just ahead of the eyes. Situated in the lower jaw are two curved teeth that are obscured from view by the lips. The body is a green colour around the head with the green extending back along the forward dorsal area and lower body.

The mid body is a pinkish grey colour and the dorsal fin is yellow with a harp shaped tail. There are thin white lines above and below the eye. When raised the dorsal and anal fin are black in colour.

Mozambique Blenny (Meiacanthus mossambicus) is also known as the Harptail Blenny

MOZAMBIQUE BLENNY IN THE WILD

The Mozambique Blenny is extremely common in Tanzanian waters and is found from 10 meters down to at least 35 meters. We have seen them on rubble areas , on the reef tops and even on deep walls.  They are usually singular and are always seen low on the reef close to shelter. Only on rare occasions have we seen a pair together. We have never seen them feeding above the reef. They are wary of divers and are difficult to get close to.  Usually they move away rather than ducking into a hiding spot as the other blennies do.

Their poison is used for defense only which is unusual. Most other fanged poisonous species use their poison for capturing prey.  Research indicates that the poisons contain opioids which drop the blood pressure of the fish that is bitten. The Mozambique blennies have been observed to have been swallowed and then spat out by their predator, presumably after they have bitten the inside of its mouth.

HABITAT

The Mozambique Blenny occurs on the east coast of Africa from Mozambique to at least Kenya, probably into Somali waters and across to the Comoros Islands and Madagascar.  We have seen them from between 10 to 35 meters in depth on rubble , flat reef and walls.

Mozambique Blenny (Meiacanthus mossambicus) is also known as the Harptail Blenny

DIET

Bluestriped Fangblenny reportedly feeds  exclusively on plankton.

REPRODUCTION

The males care for the eggs after mating has taken place until they hatch. They have been bred in captivity and are quite commonly sold in the trade.

Mozambique Blenny (Meiacanthus mossambicus) is also known as the Harptail Blenny

AQUARIUMS

Mozambique Blenny are commonly kept in aquariums due to their ease of care and the fact that they are reef safe. They have been captive bred and one should always purchase captive bred fish, not only because it takes pressure off the wild population, but also because the juveniles are habituated to being in a tank. This makes it far easier to care for them. They will jump so a well sealed tank is a must.

MOZAMBIQUE BLENNY CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Blenniidae
Genus: Meiacanthus
Species:M. mossambicus

LITERATURE CITED

https://www.livescience.com/58471-fanged-fish-venom-like-heroin.html

www.srmuniv.ac.in/sites/default/files/…/Poisonous_and_Venomous_Vertebrates.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/29736224_Predation_Protection_in_the_Poison-Fang_Blenny_Meiacanthus_atrodorsalis_and_Its_Mimics_Ecsenius_bicolor_and_Runula_laudandus_Blenniidae

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/48342164/0

 

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