Spotted Dwarf Goby – Facts and Photographs

Spotted dwarfgoby Eviota guttata,

The Spotted Dwarfgoby Eviota guttata is as its name suggests is a small fish. At the time of description they were  described as having the smallest vertebrae known but that honor these days goes either to a frog or a smaller fish.  They were described in 1978 by LachnerE.A. and S.J. Karnella from some specimens captured in Ethiopia.

They lack swim bladders which given that they spend most of their time on the substrate, are not needed and although they do not have a lateral line, they have sensory organs around the head.

APPEARANCE

The Spotted Dwarfgoby as its name implies is small, growing up to a maximum length of just over three cm in length. They have a typical goby shaped body with an elongated cylindrical body shape with two dorsal fins.  The The body is a light grey white colour and there are a series of red blotches spread along the body.  running across the upper body. The nasal projections are proportionally large for their size.

Greenbubble dwarfgoby (Eviota prasina) also known as the Greenie, Midget Goby, Pepperfin Pygmy Goby and Rubble Eviota

SPOTTED DWARFGOBY IN THE WILD

The Spotted Dwarfgoby is fairly common in Tanzanian coastal waters but because of their size one really has to look out to notice them. They make short fast darting movements on the reef, probably going after prey and as one approaches them to observe them they will sit dead still . If one gets too close they dart off again in a series of short fast hops and go into hiding.

Greenbubble dwarfgoby (Eviota prasina) also known as the Greenie, Midget Goby, Pepperfin Pygmy Goby and Rubble Eviota

HABITAT

The Spotted Dwarfgoby is found across the Indian Ocean from East Africa north to the Red Sea and across to the Seychelles and Maldives.  They are mainly seen on the shallower reefs with mixed coral and algal growth but we have seen them down to 18 meters in Chole Bay on Mafia Island.

Greenbubble dwarfgoby (Eviota prasina) also known as the Greenie, Midget Goby, Pepperfin Pygmy Goby and Rubble Eviota

DIET

Spotted Dwarfgoby probably feed on small microorganisms on the reef and are capable of making short fast jumps to grab prey.

Greenbubble dwarfgoby (Eviota prasina) also known as the Greenie, Midget Goby, Pepperfin Pygmy Goby and Rubble Eviota

REPRODUCTION

Very little if anything is known of their breeding habits. They are often found in pairs on the reef and sometimes in small groups of three to four fish in the same area. It is assumed that their mating habits are similar to other small gobies.

Greenbubble dwarfgoby (Eviota prasina) also known as the Greenie, Midget Goby, Pepperfin Pygmy Goby and Rubble Eviota

AQUARIUMS

The Spotted Dwarfgoby does not seem to be known to the trade but there is no reason to assume that they would not do well in a tank provided that there were no predators. At their size they would be prey for most fish.

SPOTTED DWARFGOBY  CLASSIFICATION

Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gobiiformes
Family: Gobiidae
Genus: Eviota
Species:E. guttata

LITERATURE CITED

EQUIPMENT USED