Corythoichthys flavofasciatus, known as the Network pipefish, Reticulate Pipefish and Yellow-banded Pipefish

Network Pipefish – Facts and Photographs

The Network pipefish Corythoichthys flavofasciatus is one of the more commonly seen species of pipefish on the Tanzanian coast. APPEARANCE The Network pipefish has a long thin angular body comprised of ar...
Stareye Parrotfish Calotomus carolinus is also known as the Christmas Parrotfish, Starry-eye Parrotfish, Bucktooth Parrotfish and Caroline's Parrotfish

Stareye Parrotfish-Facts and Photographs

The Stareye Parrotfish Calotomus carolinus is also known as the Christmas Parrotfish, Starry-eye Parrotfish, Bucktooth Parrotfish and Caroline's Parrotfish.  As with all the Parrotfish there is considerable...
Bullethead Parrotfish (Chlorurus sordidus) is also known as the Daisy Parrotfish

Bullethead Parrotfish-Facts and Photographs

The Bullethead Parrotfish (Chlorurus sordidus) is also known as the Daisy Parrotfish. They are probably the most common species of parrotfish in Tanzanian waters.  As with all the Parrotfish there is consid...
he Common Lionfish, Indian Lionfish or Devil Firefish (Pterois miles)

Common Lionfish-Facts and Photographs

The he Common Lionfish, Indian Lionfish or Devil Firefish (Pterois miles) is only found in the Western Indian ocean. They are often understandably confused with Pterois Volitans which is also called the Com...
clearfin lionfish, tailbar lionfish, radiata lionfish, fireworks fish, or radial firefish (Pterois radiata)

Clearfin Lionfish-Facts Photographs

The Clearfin lionfish (Pterois radiata) is also known as the Radial   lionfish or Tailbar Lionfish. They are a fairly reclusive fish and are not commonly seen out during the day.  One can often see their di...
Spotfin lionfish, Antennata lionfish or broadbarred firefish, Pterois antennata

Spotfin Lionfish-Facts and Photographs

The Spotfin Lionfish (Pterois antennata) is often confused with the Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae) The easiest way to distinguish the two is on the eye. The Spotfin Lionfish has a bar through the eye t...
Doublebar Goatfish (Parupeneus trifasciatus)

Doublebar Goatfish- Facts and Photographs

The Doublebar Goatfish (Parupeneus trifasciatus) is not common in Tanzanian waters but neither is it rare. Goatfish all have a pair of retractable barbels or feelers that have chemo sensory organs in them t...
Sulphur Damselfish (Pomacentrus sulfureus)

Sulphur Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

The Sulphur Damselfish (Pomacentrus sulfureus) is an attractive looking fish. Compared to most Damselfish they have a very small range being confined to the eastern Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Even within the...
Redmouth grouper Aethaloperca rogaa

Redmouth Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Redmouth grouper Aethaloperca rogaa) is also known as the Red-flushed Cod and Redmouth Rockcod. They are fairly common off the coasts of Tanzania. They are not that common in the Dar es Salaam area whic...
Devil Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis diabolus) is also known as the False Stonefish

Devil Scorpionfish-Facts Photographs

The he Devil Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis diabolus) is also known as the False Stonefish. They are extremely well camouflaged and as can be seen in the image below are hard to spot.  As with all members of t...
Diana's hogfish, Bodianus diana

Dianas Hogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Diana's hogfish (Bodianus Diana) are the most common of the Bodianus family in Tanzanian waters.  As with all the members of this family there is considerable divergence in looks between the juveniles a...
Sailfin rubberlip (Diagramma centurio) also known as the Sailfin Sweetlips

Sailfin Rubberlip – Facts and Photographs

The Sailfin rubberlip (Diagramma centurio) also known as the Sailfin Sweetlips, is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker fleshy lips hence the...
Lyretail hogfish (Bodianus anthioides)

Lyretail Hogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Lyretail hogfish (Bodianus anthioides) is one of the Labridae family that looks completely different as a juvenile (below) when compared to the adult (above). They are not common fishes on the Tanzanian...
Rainbow Wrasse (Halichoeres iridis)

Rainbow Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Rainbow Wrasse (Halichoeres iridis) is also known as the Radiant Wrasse. They are very common in certain areas of the Tanzanian coast. APPEARANCE In Tanzanian waters there is little variation in c...
Longbarbel Goatfish (Parupeneus macronemus) is also known as the Band-dot goatfish, and Long-barbeled goatfish

Longbarbel Goatfish- Facts and Photographs

The Longbarbel Goatfish (Parupeneus macronemus) is also known as the  Band-dot goatfish, and Long-barbeled goatfish. They are certainly the most common goatfish in coastal Tanzanian waters. Goatfish all hav...
goldsaddle goatfish (Parupeneus cyclostomus)or yellowsaddle goatfish

Goldsaddle Goatfish- Facts and Photographs

The Goldsaddle Goatfish (Parupeneus cyclostomus) is also known as the  Yellowsaddle goatfish. They are common inhabitants on the rubble areas and reefs on the Tanzanian coast. Goatfish all have a pair of re...
axilspot hogfish, Bodianus axillaris

Axilspot Hogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Axilspot hogfish ( Bodianus axillaris) is also known as the Coral Hogfish, Axil Pigfish, Turncoat Hogfish and the Polkadot Wrasse. As with other members of the Bodianus family, they exhibit considerable...
Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae)

Mombasa Lionfish-Facts Photographs –

The Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae) is frequently misidentified by many people and there are many sites on the web that have information on the Mombasa Lionfish and an image of the Spotfin Lionfish (Pte...
Network pipefish (Corythoichthys flavofasciatus)

Scribbled Pipefish – Facts and Photographs

The Scribbled pipefish (Corythoichthys intestinalis) is also known as the Messmate pipefish and the Dragonface Pipefish. They are common inhabitants of the rubble areas between the reef and in the shallows ...
Snooty wrasse (Cheilinus oxycephalus)

Snooty Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Snooty wrasse (Cheilinus oxycephalus) is also known as the Snooty Maori wrasse, Pointed-head wrasse, Point-head Maori wrasse, Red Maori wrasse.  They are fairly common in Tanzanian waters but are extrem...
Speckled sandperch (Parapercis hexophtalma)

Speckled Sandperch – Facts and Photographs

The Speckled sandperch (Parapercis hexophtalma) is a member of the Parapercis genus . They were once thought to be two separate species because of the discrepancy in looks between the males and the females....
goldbar wrasse (Thalassoma hebraicum)

Goldbar Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Goldbar Wrasse (Thalassoma hebracium) is one of the most common wrasses on the Tanzanian coast. They are extremely active fish and cruise the reef at high speed. APPEARANCE As with many wrasses the co...
Railway Glider Goby Valenciennea helsdingenii also commonly known as the twostripe goby, black-lined sleeper goby, or railway sleeper goby

Railway Glider Goby – Facts and Photographs

The Railway Glider Goby - Valenciennea helsdingenii is also commonly known as the twostripe goby, black-lined sleeper goby, or railway sleeper goby. Sleeper Gobies or Sifter Gobies as they are sometimes ...
Gorgonian weapper Nemanthus species

Gorgonian Wrapper – Facts and Photographs

The Gorgonian wrapper (Nemanthus species) is also known as the Tiger Anemone. They are a species of communal anemones that are usually found wrapped around Gorgonian corals and Whip corals. Occasionally the...
Tube Anemone

Tube Anemone – Facts and Photographs

Tube Anemone's are not anemones per se and are somewhere in-between anemones and corals. They are in the sub class Ceriantharia and live inside long tubes which go into the substrate.  In Tanzanian waters t...
Blacktail chromis Chromis nigrura

Blacktail chromis – Facts and Photographs

The Blacktail Chromis (Chromis nigrura) is very common on the reefs of Tanzania. They are usually seen in small groups of between ten to fifteen fish, but occasionally groups of twenty to thirty are seen. ...