Harlequin Shrimp (Hymenocera elegans)

Harlequin Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Harlequin shrimp (Hymenocera picta) is one of the more colourful and ornate shrimps around. Their ornate specialised mouth parts and sensory organs elicit a second look, along with leaving one wondering...
Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus )

Marbled Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus ) is also known as the Saron Shrimp, Eyespot Shrimp or Carid Shrimp. They are rather ungainly looking shrimp with a fairly long rostrum. Their hairy looking  backs and ...
Weedy scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is also known as the Lacy Scorpionfish

Weedy Scorpionfish- Facts and Photographs

The Weedy Scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is an extremely unusual looking fish. They are often confused with the Paddle-flap Scorpionfish Rhinopias eschmeyeri which are similar in looks but are not as ornat...
Exquisite Fairy Wrasse (Cirrhilabrus exquisitus)

Exquisite Fairy Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Exquisite Fairy Wrasse (Cirrhilabrus exquisitus) is a very common wrasse on the reef edge and rubble areas off the Tanzanian coast. They are small colorful wrasses that often congregate in large groups....
Goldbelly cardinalfish Ostorhinchus apogonidesis also known as the  Plain cardinalfish and the Short tooth cardinalfish

Goldbelly Cardinalfish-Facts and Photographs

The Goldbelly cardinalfish Ostorhinchus apogonidesis also known as the  Plain cardinalfish and the Short tooth cardinalfish . They are one of the few species of saltwater fish that are mouth brooders. They ...
False-eye Damsel Abudefduf sparoides, also known as the False-eye Sergeant

False-eye Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

The False-eye Damselfish Abudefduf sparoides is also known as the False-eye Sergeant. Compared to most Damselfish the have a very small range. Even within the range they are not a commonly seen fish. A...
Bicolor cleaner wrasse Labroides bicolor is also known as the Two-colored Cleaner Wrasse and the Yellow Diesel Wrasse.

Bicolor Cleaner Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Bicolor cleaner wrasse Labroides bicolor is also known as the Two-colored Cleaner Wrasse and the Yellow Diesel Wrasse. They are relatively common inhabitants of the reefs in Tanzania. They are not as co...
Cheek-lined Maori wrasse Oxycheilinus digramma also known as the , Cheeklined Maori wrasse, Cheeklined wrasse and Bandcheek wrasse

Cheek-lined Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

  The Cheek-lined wrasse Oxycheilinus digramma is also known as the Cheeklined Maori wrasse, Cheeklined wrasse and Bandcheek wrasse. They are relatively common inhabitants of the reefs in Tanzania. ...
Two-Spot Maori Wrasse (Cheilinus bimaculatus) also known as the Little Maori wrasse and Two-spot wrasse

Two-Spot Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Two-Spot Wrasse Oxycheilinus bimaculatus also known as the Little Maori wrasse and Two-spot Maori wrasse. They are relatively common inhabitants of the reefs in Tanzania and are the smallest wrasses of ...
jewel damselfish Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus, also known as the whitespotted devil

Jewel Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

The Jewel damselfish Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus is also known as the Whitespeckled Demoiselle and the Whitespotted devil. They are highly territorial and are common on reef tops and rubble areas on the T...
Ternate chromis Chromis ternatensis also known as the Golden chromis and the Swallowtail Puller

Ternate Chromis – Facts and Photographs

The Ternate chromis Chromis ternatensis is also known as the Golden chromis and the Swallowtail Puller.  Usually found above branching corals in large numbers they are an abundant fish on the East African C...
Chocolate Grouper (Cephalopholis boenak)is also known as the Chocolate Hind and the Brownbarred Rockcod.

Chocolate Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Chocolate Grouper (Cephalopholis boenak)is also known as the Chocolate Hind and the Brownbarred Rockcod. They are fairly common off the coasts of Tanzania and Kenya. They are not that common in the Dar ...
Thornback cowfish, Lactioria fornasini is also known as the Spiny-backed Cow-fish, Thornspine Cowfish and the Thorny-back Cowfish

Thornback Cowfish- Facts and Photographs

The Thornback cowfish, Lactioria fornasini is also known as the Spiny-backed Cow-fish, Thornspine Cowfish and the Thorny-back Cowfish. Their plate-like scales are fused together to form a solid box-like car...
Textile cone Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone

Stinging Sea Creatures-Textile Cone Shell

,   The Textile cone shell Conus textile is also known as the cloth of gold cone shell. As with all the cone shells, they are carnivorous and predatory, preying on other mollusks.  In order to quickl...
Slender Grouper Epinephelus leucogrammicusis is also known as the Slender Rockcod, White-lined Grouper and White-lined Rockcod

Slender Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Slender Grouper Epinephelus leucogrammicusis is also known as the Slender Rockcod, White-lined Grouper and White-lined Rockcod. They are fairly common off the coasts of Tanzania and Kenya.  They are not...
Raggy Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis venosa) is also known as the Yellow-nose Scorpionfish

Raggy Scorpionfish-Facts Photographs

The Raggy Scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis venosa) is also known as the Yellow-nose Scorpionfish.  As with all Scorpionfish, they are ambush predators which rely on very colorful camouflage. In deeper waters whe...
Blotchlip Sandperch

Blotchlip Sandperch – Facts and Photographs

The  Blotchlip sandperch is a member of the Parapercis genus that used to be known as Parapercis xanthozona. Due to the obvious differences it is being reclassified but is not yet described. They are a very...
Tripletail Wrasse, Cheilinus trilobatus is also known as Maori Wrasse, Trilobed Maori Wrasse, Tripletail Maori, Triple-tail Maori-wrasse and Trippletail Maori Wrasse.

Floral Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Floral Wrasse, Cheilinus chlorourus is also known as Floral Maori Wrasse. They are one of the larger wrasses and are usually very shy and because of this are very difficult to approach and photograph. ...
blacksaddle filefish, Paraluteres prionurus, is also known as the mimic

Blacksaddle Filefish – Facts and Photographs

The Blacksaddle filefish, Paraluteres prionurus, is also known as the Mimic filefish or Blacksaddle leatherjacket. Their coloration and shape mimics the poisonous Blacksaddle toby Canthigaster valentini. ...
Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculosus

Porcelain Anemone Crab- Facts and Photographs

The Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus is also known as the Spotted porcelain crab. They are decapod crustaceans in the Porcellanidae family. Although they resemble true crabs they are actual...
Spotted sandperch, Parapercis punctulata

Spotted Sandperch – Facts and Photographs

The Spotted sandperch, Parapercis punctulata is a common inhabitant of the rubble areas between the reef on the Tanzanian coast. As can be seen in the image above the males are quite attractive looking fish...
Cloudy dascyllus, Dascyllus carneus is also known as the Two bar Humbug or Indian dascyllus

Cloudy Dascyllus – Facts and Photographs

The Cloudy dascyllus, Dascyllus carneus is also known as the Two bar Humbug or Indian dascyllus. They are commonly found in small shoals over branching corals. APPEARANCE There is little variation in ...
Foursaddle grouper, Epinephelus spilotoceps

Four Saddle Grouper – Facts and Photographs

The Four saddle grouper, Epinephelus spilotoceps obtains its name from the four saddles on the dorsal and caudal area. They are not commonly seen in Tanzanian coastal waters and to date we have only seen si...

Adorned Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

  The Adorned Wrasse (Halichoeres cosmetus) is also known as the Cosmetic wrasse. They are small colourful fast moving wrasses that are common on the reefs and surrounding areas in Tanzania. As with...