Diana's hogfish, Bodianus diana

Dianas Hogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Diana's hogfish (Bodianus Diana) are the most common of the Bodianus family in Tanzanian waters.  As with all the members of this family there is considerable divergence in looks between the juveniles a...
Sailfin rubberlip (Diagramma centurio) also known as the Sailfin Sweetlips

Sailfin Rubberlip – Facts and Photographs

The Sailfin rubberlip (Diagramma centurio) also known as the Sailfin Sweetlips, is a species of grunt. Closely related to the snappers, grunts have smaller mouths and teeth and thicker fleshy lips hence the...
Lyretail hogfish (Bodianus anthioides)

Lyretail Hogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Lyretail hogfish (Bodianus anthioides) is one of the Labridae family that looks completely different as a juvenile (below) when compared to the adult (above). They are not common fishes on the Tanzanian...
Rainbow Wrasse (Halichoeres iridis)

Rainbow Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Rainbow Wrasse (Halichoeres iridis) is also known as the Radiant Wrasse. They are very common in certain areas of the Tanzanian coast. APPEARANCE In Tanzanian waters there is little variation in c...
Longbarbel Goatfish (Parupeneus macronemus) is also known as the Band-dot goatfish, and Long-barbeled goatfish

Longbarbel Goatfish- Facts and Photographs

The Longbarbel Goatfish (Parupeneus macronemus) is also known as the  Band-dot goatfish, and Long-barbeled goatfish. They are certainly the most common goatfish in coastal Tanzanian waters. Goatfish all hav...
goldsaddle goatfish (Parupeneus cyclostomus)or yellowsaddle goatfish

Goldsaddle Goatfish- Facts and Photographs

The Goldsaddle Goatfish (Parupeneus cyclostomus) is also known as the  Yellowsaddle goatfish. They are common inhabitants on the rubble areas and reefs on the Tanzanian coast. Goatfish all have a pair of re...
axilspot hogfish, Bodianus axillaris

Axilspot Hogfish- Facts and Photographs

The Axilspot hogfish ( Bodianus axillaris) is also known as the Coral Hogfish, Axil Pigfish, Turncoat Hogfish and the Polkadot Wrasse. As with other members of the Bodianus family, they exhibit considerable...
Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae)

Mombasa Lionfish-Facts Photographs –

The Mombasa Lionfish (Pterois mombasae) is frequently misidentified by many people and there are many sites on the web that have information on the Mombasa Lionfish and an image of the Spotfin Lionfish (Pte...
Network pipefish (Corythoichthys flavofasciatus)

Scribbled Pipefish – Facts and Photographs

The Scribbled pipefish (Corythoichthys intestinalis) is also known as the Messmate pipefish and the Dragonface Pipefish. They are common inhabitants of the rubble areas between the reef and in the shallows ...
Snooty wrasse (Cheilinus oxycephalus)

Snooty Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Snooty wrasse (Cheilinus oxycephalus) is also known as the Snooty Maori wrasse, Pointed-head wrasse, Point-head Maori wrasse, Red Maori wrasse.  They are fairly common in Tanzanian waters but are extrem...
Speckled sandperch (Parapercis hexophtalma)

Speckled Sandperch – Facts and Photographs

The Speckled sandperch (Parapercis hexophtalma) is a member of the Parapercis genus . They were once thought to be two separate species because of the discrepancy in looks between the males and the females....
goldbar wrasse (Thalassoma hebraicum)

Goldbar Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Goldbar Wrasse (Thalassoma hebracium) is one of the most common wrasses on the Tanzanian coast. They are extremely active fish and cruise the reef at high speed. APPEARANCE As with many wrasses th...
Railway Glider Goby Valenciennea helsdingenii also commonly known as the twostripe goby, black-lined sleeper goby, or railway sleeper goby

Railway Glider Goby – Facts and Photographs

The Railway Glider Goby - Valenciennea helsdingenii is also commonly known as the twostripe goby, black-lined sleeper goby, or railway sleeper goby. Sleeper Gobies or Sifter Gobies as they are sometimes ...
Gorgonian weapper Nemanthus species

Gorgonian Wrapper – Facts and Photographs

The Gorgonian wrapper (Nemanthus species) is also known as the Tiger Anemone. They are a species of communal anemones that are usually found wrapped around Gorgonian corals and Whip corals. Occasionally the...
Tube Anemone

Tube Anemone – Facts and Photographs

Tube Anemone's are not anemones per se and are somewhere in-between anemones and corals. They are in the sub class Ceriantharia and live inside long tubes which go into the substrate.  In Tanzanian waters t...
Blacktail chromis Chromis nigrura

Blacktail chromis – Facts and Photographs

The Blacktail Chromis (Chromis nigrura) is very common on the reefs of Tanzania. They are usually seen in small groups of between ten to fifteen fish, but occasionally groups of twenty to thirty are seen. ...
Fusilier Damselfish Lepidozygus tapeinosoma

Fusilier Damselfish – Facts and Photographs

The Fusilier Damselfish (Lepidozygus tapeinosoma) is also known as the Fusilier Damsel and the Red Wing Coral Damsel. They do not resemble most other damselfish and often swim with pseaudoanthias species wh...
Red helmet shell Cypraecassis rufa is also known as the Bullmouth shell and as the Cameo shell

Red Helmet Shell – Facts and Photographs

The Red helmet shell Cypraecassis rufa is also known as the Bullmouth shell and as the Cameo shell. Large specimens such as those in these images are now very rare due to their collection for sale to the ca...
Twinspot Lionfish Dendrochirus biocellatus, also known as the twospot turkeyfish or ocellated lionfish

Twinspot Lionfish-Facts Photographs

The Twinspot Lionfish, Dendrochirus biocellatus,  is also known as the as the Ocellated lionfish, Twinspot Lionfish, Twospot turkeyfish and the Fu Manchu lionfish.  As with all members of the scorpionfish f...
Harlequin Shrimp (Hymenocera elegans)

Harlequin Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Harlequin shrimp (Hymenocera picta) is one of the more colourful and ornate shrimps around. Their ornate specialised mouth parts and sensory organs elicit a second look, along with leaving one wondering...
Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus )

Marbled Shrimp-Facts and Photographs

The Marbled shrimp ( Saron marmoratus ) is also known as the Saron Shrimp, Eyespot Shrimp or Carid Shrimp. They are rather ungainly looking shrimp with a fairly long rostrum. Their hairy looking  backs and ...
Weedy scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is also known as the Lacy Scorpionfish

Weedy Scorpionfish- Facts and Photographs

The Weedy Scorpionfish Rhinopias frondosa is an extremely unusual looking fish. They are often confused with the Paddle-flap Scorpionfish Rhinopias eschmeyeri which are similar in looks but are not as ornat...
Exquisite Fairy Wrasse (Cirrhilabrus exquisitus)

Exquisite Fairy Wrasse- Facts and Photographs

The Exquisite Fairy Wrasse (Cirrhilabrus exquisitus) is a very common wrasse on the reef edge and rubble areas off the Tanzanian coast. They are small colorful wrasses that often congregate in large groups....